Could you ask if anyone has a photo of Jane Dick (1806-1886) who married John Bowes. In 1852 they left Clayton and went to Lambton County. She came from the family with 11 children who lost both their mother and father before they reached Lanark County and the older children raised the younger ones. She was one of the founders of the Temperance Movement in Lanark County. —Rose Mary Sarsfield
Jane Bowes (Dick)
|Birthplace:||Bathgate, West Lothian, Scotland, United Kingdom|
|Immediate Family:||Daughter of James Dick and Jane Dick
Wife of John Bowes
Sister of Janet Bowes
Taverns on Main Street, Lanark Village, Ontario, Canada, during the temperance movement.
Source: Lanark Legacy, by Howard Morton Brown, ISBN 0-9690289-2-X, page 207.
As the temperance movement grew in popularity, it became more difficult to buy alcoholic beverages
in the rural areas and privately owned whisky stills became more popular – for example the one at Manotick Station.
(“The Pokey Moonshine Settlement”).
The nature of the traditional rural amusements was slowly but profoundly altered by the temperance movement. The first temperance society in the Canadas was formed at Montreal in 1828. Within four years about one hundred Societies had been organized in Upper Canada . John Gemmill in Lanark Township wrote in 1832:
We have also a Temperence Society which was formed about twelve months ago which is doing a great dale of good. There is above four hundred members although it has met with a grate dale of opposition yet it is increasing and many that was seen in a fit of intoxication are now become steady members of society. We all form a part of it. I should like that you would inform us how they are getting on in Scotland
Effects of excessive consumption of alcohol became a nineteenth century social problem. Commonly caused or aggravated by other social conditions, it appears to have been a conspicuous contributor to crime and to other broader social losses. Local temperance societies were formed as early as about 125 years ago to combat its evils. At the outset of settlement at Carleton Place the Ballygiblin Riots of 1824 – joined in the name of law and order by participants of the areas from Perth to Almonte, with gunfire casualties including loss of a life – had been sparked by a drunken military Donnybrook on Mill Street in Morphy’s Falls.
A period of restriction of sale of alcoholic beverages, imposed in Lanark County in the 1870’s under the Dunkin Temperance Act, was ended for this county in 1879. Its suspension was reported by editor James C. Poole (Herald, June 18, 1879):
“Hotels – The hotels throughout the county are again in full swing, though to be candid they “swung” just as freely while the Dunkin Act was in force. Our genial landlords can now remove the syrup labels off their brandy bottles.”
Lanark and Renfrew hotel keepers two years later were found getting together to raise the prices of meals and liquor. As reported in Carleton Place, “The hotel keepers of this section held a largely attended meeting at Arnprior, and unanimously agreed on raising the price of liquor to ten cents a glass, and meals to thirty-five cents.” Similar liquor prices seem to have prevailed for many years, as suggested by a 1905 report from Brockville, relating that “Brockville hotel men have combined to raise the price of liquor dispensed over the bar. Five cent drinks will hereafter be ten cents.”