There was tremendous involvement, and tremendous loss, and over time it has become clear that Carleton Place, given its size, was a remarkable contributor to the war effort.” Fifty men from a pool of perhaps 300 able-bodied men in a total population of what was then 4,000 people died in the First World War. Another 50 perished in the Second World War. And each year on Nov. 11, in events that reach beyond mere ceremony to palpable grief for many relatives and friends of fallen townsfolk, residents of the picturesque town along the Mississippi River gather at Memorial Park to remember their 100 dead and more than 300 others who served and returned. Randy Boswell—Ottawa Citizen-12 Nov 1998
Carleton Place is proud of two things. It is proud of the athletic prowess of its young men, especially on the water. It is also proud of the manner in which Its young men went to the front in the Great War. Twelve Carleton Place boys Joined the first Canadian contingent. Forty-seven Carleton Place boys sleep in Flanders Fields. The town has remembered their sacrifice by a memorial park and monument, which were bought and erected by public subscriptions.–
Appointment of Donald C. Cullen, of Niagara Falls, and for many years a resident of Carle-ton Place, as treasurer of War Supplies Limited, in Washington, was ratified last week. He left for Washington Sunday evening. Mr. Cullen has been head of the accounting department at North American Cyanamid Company since 1925, and was transferred in that capacity to the Welland Canal Chemical Company. He is a son of Mrs. John Cullen and the late Mr. Cullen, who lived in Carleton Place for many years.
Prisoner of War CARLETON PLACE, May 4. (Special) Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Wright of Carleton Place have received word that their son. Flying Officer William Arnold Wright, who was reported missing overseas In March, is prisoner of war. FO. Wright enlisted in Toronto in 1941 and graduated with a commission at Malton. He went overseas in November, 1942.
Carlcton Place Flier Now Missing Overseas Sergeant Air Gunner Arthur Esmond Prime, son of Mr. and Mrs. David Prime of Carleton Place, Is reported missing on active service following’ air operations overseas, according to the latest R.C.A.F. casualty list issued last night.
All photos are from May 22 Crosstalk click here_ BLESS ME FATHER for I have sinned—-I know God this is ‘borrowing’ from a publication posting it, but there are a lot of seniors that need to read this article, so you young folks, please click on the link.Thank you, and please support Crosstalk!Crosstalk is published 10 times a year (September to June) and mailed as a section of the Anglican Journal. It is printed and mailed by Webnews Printing Inc. in North York. Crosstalk is a member of the Canadian Church Press and the Anglican Editors Association. I have been reading this newspaper since I was a wee lass.
SIX Days Until…. MAY 11 Ladies and gents! A fashion show to support Ukrainian Diaspora Support Canada (UADSC) is taking place on May 11th, 2022, at 7pm hosted by St James Anglican Church in Carleton Place.
Presenting FOUR Ukraine models just immigrated here to Carleton Place! Come Welcome them to Carleton Place. PLUS surprise guest models from our community. Yes, it’s “The Real Women of Carleton Place”. Watch Sylvia Giles walk that runway!
The volunteers at St James Church have created a boutique full of items donated from people in OUR Community. It is filled with clothing, shoes, toiletries, toys available at no cost to the Ukrainian families resettling in our region– and you will also be able to visit it. The fashion show will feature some of these wonderful items.
Tickets are available for a minimum donation of $15.00 and are available for purchase at the St James Church Office (225 Edmund St., Carleton Place ON K7C 3E7) Monday-Friday from 9am-12:30pm or by CALL to RESERVE at 613-257-3178.
Complimentary refreshments will be available, and each ticket holder will have a chance to win a beautiful door prize. You will require a mask to attend this live event and limited seating is available.
The Anglican Church in Carleton Place was served for a few years from Franktown– one of the original rectories by Royal patent. In 1883 it was made the centre of a new mission and Rev. E J Boswell was the first missionary. During his incumbency, the first St. James church was built. There were originally unshapely masses of windows and galleries of the early Canadian order of architecture. The unattractive structure was replaced in 1881/1884 with a seating capacity of 500. The following year the debt was paid off. In 1887 there were 256 families and a bible class with 300 names on the roll. Mr Brice McNeeely Jr. (his father owned the tannery)was the superintendent.
Elliot Hall was named after Canon Elliot. It was built across the street in 1923 on land originally used by the Canada Lumber Co. Across the street is St. James Park which was once home to the other half of the Canada Lumber Co and the proposed site of the Rosamond Woolen Mill. Carleton Place was once going to host the Rosamond Woolen Mills before the owner had a disagreement with an early village council. Angry, he moved his mill lock stock and barrel to Almonte, where in turn, the Penman Mill owners argued with Almonte’s town council, and they moved to Paris, Ontario.The Canada Lumber Co. was torn down in 1908 and a hydro electric dam was built there. The hydro dam was removed in 1973.
Guide to Church Services in 1870 in Carleton Place:
St. James’ (Church of England) – ½ past 10 o’clock a.m. on each alternate Sabbath, and at 3 p.m. and 7 p.m. on the other Sabbath. St. Andrew’s (Church of Scotland) – 11 o’clock a.m. every Sabbath. Zion Church (Canada Presbyterian) – ½ 2 o’clock p.m. every Sabbath. Reform Presbyterian – 11 o’clock a.m., and 3 o’clock p.m., on alternate Sabbaths. Wesleyan Methodist – ½ past 10 o’clock on alternate Sabbaths, and ½ past 6 o’clock on the other Sabbath. Baptist – ½ past 2 o’clock every Sabbath. Roman Catholic – occasionally, of which notice will be given.
John Edwards This was the first sale of land of “The Clergy Reserve”. It was originally 200 acres of land running from Ramsay 7 to Ramsay 8. It was the historic land allocated to the Church of England by Crown. Whne the Clergy Reserves were abolished in the 1850’s, St. James Anglican Church purchased the land for 100 British pounds. It was and is home to massive white pines which are still the defining element of the CP ‘skyline’ when the sun sets in the West. One only need to look up.
St James Anglican Church presently offers twice-weekly Eucharist services, weekly youth group and Bible studies, several women’s groups, a variety of youth activities, a choir, and an ever-expanding Outreach program to help the less fortunate in other parts of the world.
Aaaand it’s here! The new stream is live, . It’s similar to what was already happening, with a few ‘quality of life’ changes. Biometrics are still needed, covid tests are still needed, and they are still not considered refugees and will need our help.
“The CUAET is a temporary residence pathway and is not a refugee stream,’ is a direct quote, so understand they are still not being given anything directly from the government.
NEW UPDATES from Scott Reid’s office on immigration
These next few weeks are going to be the toughest in terms of workload AND the amount of funding that will be needed. You have all stepped up to help us, and we asked that you continue to do so during these tough times our county is strong, our kindness is stronger and our compassion is incomparable – let’s ensure the Ukrainians feel and understand that too!–– Zack and Mary
Archdeacon Brian Kalk, Peter Hicks (St. James) and Michelle Vee ( Ottawa Valley Community Church under Ahren Summach as Pastor) and community are taking care of business.
Carleton Place Churches together are asking for your support. Imagine if you lost your luggage and just got off a plane– we need things like that. We can’t donate underwear so we ask for gift cards to Walmart to be donated so they can purchase underwear. etc..
Better Yet Support Local
Buy gift cards from a local business and support local and our Ukrainian refugees— It’s a win win situation.
Gift card donations always welcome
Members of St James’ Anglican, Ottawa Valley Community, Carleton Place Baptist and Zion-Memorial United Churches ask for your support as we prepare to welcome Ukrainian families fleeing the war, coming to our area.
You can donate to the charity of your choice, but we are encouraging everyone to consider donating to Carebridge who is helping finance the new Ukraine settlement in Lanark County.
Carebridge Community Support ·
Carebridge Community Support has set up an account for the resettlement of people from Ukraine to Lanark County. Donations can be made via cheque (mention “Ukraine” on the note line, our address is 67 Industrial Dr., Almonte, ON, K0A 1A0), or on our website, https://carebridge.ca/donate (mention “Ukraine” in the text box as you fill in your information). Tax receipts will be issued for donations over $25.
At present we are working with the resettlement group in Carleton Place
Thanks to Zack and Mary for getting us all involved as anything you do is saving lives. Can you imagine that?? Saving Lives!!!!
Photos thanks to Susan Burke— Ukraine what once was……
His name is Andrew Fesiak. I first met him in late August of 1991. We were both assigned to share a dorm room at Carleton University. All that we had in common was our age and that we both love music. This was my first degree (Political Science), but it was Andrew’s second (Eastern European Studies). His first degree came from the University of Kyiv in Ukraine. We didn’t become fast friends, but had several good times in our year together learning about each other’s lives. Andrew’s parents emigrated from Ukraine to Toronto, so he grew up living the Canadian dream. However, his Ukrainian heritage kept calling him back, and he returned to Ukraine to study. Andrew has an enviable superpower. He can learn languages with a speed and fluidity that almost denies logic. I’d heard him fluently speak Ukrainian, Russian, French, and English, as well as some Greek and Polish. After this year together we lost touch, but I never forgot him or his love of his heritage.
When Russia invaded Ukraine, I reached out to him and the 30+ years washed away. I wanted to know that my old roommate was OK. He completed his PhD and moved to Kyiv, Ukraine permanently. He met and married his wife Olesya, and they now have 2 children. Sophia 15 and Damien 5. Andrew works as a specialist in security, international affairs, ethnicity and nationalism, with a focus on Ukraine and Russia. I knew he’d have a perspective of Russia’s invasion that would be free of disinformation and based on eye-witness accounts.
Right before the invasion, Andrew and his son flew to Toronto to visit his 87 year old father, sadly his mother had passed the year before. He cut their visit short as he knew Russia’s attack was imminent. He was right. The Wednesday of the attack, he and his son waited at Pearson Airport for the 11pm flight, but while sitting there a text informed him that the attacks had just started.
Here is what he shared with me;
March 6, 2022 – “It was 5am in Kyiv and my girls were sleeping, so I called and woke them up. Olesya’s brother came and drove them to his cottage 45km west of Kyiv. His wife, 2 kids and 19-year old nephew drove there separately. We thought that location would be safe since it was away from anything of importance, but the Russians, to be exact, Kydrov’s Chechen forces who are the most brutal cutthroats you could imagine, tried driving to Kyiv but taking country roads that surround that cottage community. So, the Ukrainian forces annihilated them 3.5 km to the west and 4 km south of their location. They saw rockets fly and fighter jets fly very low over their heads. I couldn’t fly to Kyiv since the airspace closed immediately while I was still in Toronto. However, Damien and I still caught the flight to Warsaw. I was hoping to make it across the border by train or car but it just got more and more dangerous and we didn’t want Damien to be in any danger. Had I been alone, I would have gotten there fast since initially it was safe enough there. So, I was stuck in Warsaw and they were stuck at the cottage. Finally, 2 days ago (March 4th), there was a window of opportunity and people started leaving the cottage community in convoys of 10 cars. My family was in the third convoy. The first convoy was shot at and there were casualties. They made it to Truskavets and spent the night there. Then they drove to the border with Hungary and crossed the border by train. In the meantime, I rented a car and drove from Warsaw to Hungary and met them on the other side. We are all now in Warsaw and tomorrow we’ll take the train to Berlin. I have a friend there that is letting us stay in his apartment. So, at least we’ll have a place to stay. This is incredible: we are refugees!”
March 11, 2022 – “Everything is good in Berlin! Just came back from the French school where Sophia and Damien will be attending. Everything is good to go. I’ll be leaving for Lviv to help in the war effort in the next few days.”
Andrew is 52 years old, and he returns to fight. Fight for his home, his family, his heritage and his country.
My wife and I attended Carleton Place’s rally in support of Ukraine the evening of March 11, and beforehand I asked Andrew if there was anything he’d want to tell the crowd, and if I could share his story with anyone who would listen. He wrote: “Tell them that women and children are being targeted as are the elderly, disabled and everyone else. The Russians are trying to terrify everyone into surrendering they know they can’t beat our men, so, they’re picking on the most helpless! Real terrorism and war crimes! Russia has never given a damn about the lives of Russians, never mind anyone else. They hate Ukrainians because we want to be free and not part of their empire. They want to be an empire again but without the industrial, human and agricultural might of Ukraine, it won’t happen. With Ukraine, they hope to be a superpower again. They’ll fail. We will win. Ukrainians will fight for their freedom and democracy. We don’t want to live like the Russians do: as slaves.”
I also follow Andrew’s Twitter and WhatsApp since I deeply trust his information versus that of the war criminal and disinformation spreading Russian President Vladimir Putin. Andrew’s current fear is well-founded. A Russian disinformation arm (MFA Russia @mfa_russia) tweeted “Radical Ukrainian groups under the control of US special services’ representatives have prepared several potential scenarios of using toxic #chemicals to carry out #provocations. Objective – to accuse Russia of chemical weapons use vs civilians.”
I believe Andrew’s response over Russia’s baseless allegation. “The real reason Russian writes trash like this is that Russia itself is preparing for a chemical or biological weapons attack against Ukraine. The Russian army is losing in Ukraine, therefore it will resort to using the most despicable weapons to murder innocent women & kids.”
At the Carleton Place rally in support of Ukraine, one of the speakers addressed the fact that Russia has been inundating its citizens with Putin’s propagandist disinformation for 25 years. This isn’t just a matter of addressing how Russian’s see the last 2 weeks, it’s a matter of breaking down how they see Putin and the world through the megalomaniac’s eyes that has been brainwashed into them for decades. Remember, it was Russia that accused Ukraine of bombing their own maternity hospital in Mariupol’.
I’m still a student of politics on my own time, and asked Andrew to describe, based on his knowledge and experience, why Russia is taking these actions. That’s coming soon! See @AndrewFesiak to follow Andrew on Twitter.
Thank you Perry— Thank you Andrew
Do you have things to donate or can offer a home for the Ukraines coming?
Carebridge Community Support has set up an account for the resettlement of people from Ukraine to Lanark County. Donations can be made via cheque (mention “Ukraine” on the note line, our address is 67 Industrial Dr., Almonte, ON, K0A 1A0), or on our website, https://carebridge.ca/donate (mention “Ukraine” in the text box as you fill in your information). Tax receipts will be issued for donations over $25.
At present we are working with the resettlement group in Carleton Place. The first family is scheduled to arrive in Canada as early as this Sunday. Others will come as soon as possible. Help us welcome these families fleeing the war in their country.
Victory Loans were Canadian government appeals for money to finance the war effort in WWI and WWII. Victory Loans were Canadian government appeals for money to finance the war effort in WWI and WWII. Bonds first made their appearance in Canada during the First and Second World Wars as War Savings Certificates and Victory Bonds. They were used to fund the war efforts.In 1946, the Canada Savings Bonds Program was launched along with the Payroll Savings Program. To this day, the Canada Savings Bonds Program has contributed to Canada’s history and helped shape the country to what it is today.
1939-45: Victory Bonds
Bonds first made their appearance in Canada during the First and Second World Wars as War Savings Certificates and Victory Bonds. They were used to fund the war efforts.
1946: Launch of the CSBs and the original Payroll Program
CSBs were introduced as part of Canada’s Postwar Financing Program. The Program provided cost-effective funding for the Government and served as a savings vehicle for Canadians.
Certificated CSBs were purchased through payroll deductions
Customers received bonds upon full payment
Up to 16,000 employers participated in this Program
1953: Fully registered bonds
Acting as an agent of the Government of Canada, the Bank of Canada paid the annual interest directly to the bond holder.
1956: Escalating coupon bonds were introduced.
As of December 2021, all Canada Savings Bonds and Canada Premium Bonds have reached maturity and stopped earning interest.
1976: The Canada Savings Bonds Program reached its peak, representing 45% of the total marketable debt outstanding.
1977: Regular-interest “R” bonds and compound-interest “C” bonds replaced old style coupon bonds. Direct deposit of interest payments was also made possible with the introduction of the new bonds.
1987-88: The CSB Program reached its peak in terms of total amount of retail debt outstanding – nearly $55 billion
1996: New Payroll Savings Program
1997: Introduction of The Canada RSP and The Canada RIF
CSBs were allowed to be purchased directly as an RSP without a Self-Directed Plan, and without fees. Existing bonds could also be transferred into The Canada RSP/RIF without fees or new cash investment.
1998: Introduction of the Canada Premium Bond (CPB)
The CPB was introduced with the same general features as the Canada Savings Bond (CSB), but with a higher rate of interest at the time of issue than a CSB on sale at the same time and is cashable once a year.
The product provided Canadians with more options to save and served its debt management objective of raising cost-effective funding.
2010: Program Changes
Campaign sales period is changed from 6 to 2 months.
Canadians can no longer open new Canada RSP or Canada RIF accounts.
Bonds will mature at the end of their individual term.
2012: The CSB Program was streamlined in the face of increasing market competition and to help administrative costs. With the proliferation of alternative investments and savings instruments, and CDIC insurance protection offered in 1967, the sales of CSBs and CPBs continued to decline year over year.
CSBs offered exclusively through the Payroll Savings Program.
Only CPBs are available through financial institutions, dealers and by phone.
CPBs become cashable anytime with interest paid up until the last anniversary date of issue.
Term to maturity for all bonds shortened to three years from 10 years.
2017: No new issuance of CSBs and CPBs as of November. Unmatured CSBs and CPBs will continue to be honoured until the time of redemption or maturity.
2021: All CSBs and CPBs stopped earning interest in December 2021. This includes certificated bonds, Payroll Savings plans, and The Canada RSP and The Canada RIF plans. click here for more info
Tonight I felt I should write you a letter because it’s almost November 11th. Even though you are no longer here, I feel your presence and I know you would be happy to hear Remembrance Day is still firmly planted in my heart. It was always a hallowed event in the Knight family each year and we were up with the birds that day as Grammy used to say. Mocha cakes had to be finished for the Branch #99 Legion refreshments. Shoes and medals were polished, and bodies were trying to warm up in advance for the parade.
I remember that Grampy said I should always keep a stiff upper lip and a Knight family member respects and honours our Legions and veterans. His stories of how hard life was in the cold and the muddy trenches in France during World War 1 have not been forgotten. Not one word of what he and others went through during the first World War will ever leave my mind.
Each Remembrance Day I can still hear Grampy yelling out orders during the parade: ‘left right, left right’. I was always the last one in the parade every year. I never understood why the Brownies were placed at the end and I was always pulling up the rear in my too short Brownie outfit, bare legs with knee socks, and no boots.
Standing at the Cowansville High School cenotaph freezing to death and chattering with friends each year I always got the stink eye from Grampy who was always watching me. I could never avoid his stern gaze and I knew he was telling me silently,
‘Respect, Linda, respect, remember what these men did for you’.
The solo bugle playing The Last Post would always make the odd strange noise from the cold outside on the first few notes and the freezing November breeze would circle around my legs turning them bright red. I could see tears in my Grandfather’s eyes, remembering his friends that never made it home.
Each Remembrance Day I still remember the past November 11th services. I wish for a lot of things, but now besides remembering all the veterans I pray and hope for the continuation of our local Legions. As you said Grampy:
‘I have seen war. I hate war!’
For years Grampy lived in pain from being one of the first gassed in the trenches. As he said each time he had a migraine:
‘I’ll be okay, but in the meantime I just have to hold strong’.
We are trying Grampy to hold strong, we are trying to keep these Legions solvent and the memories continious, but in the meantime we try to inherit your great examples. We remember each and every soldier who gave up so much for our freedom and ensure they are never forgotten. As you always told me, it’s not just November 11th we should remember them, but every single day, and we should honour the dead best by treating the living well.
Someone asked me why I post so much about Remembrance Day. Yes, I do post for days, and believe you me; it’s full of love. I was raised by former military men from the past wars that taught me that yes, there was crying, lots of crying, on Remembrance Day, but absolutely no shirking. NO siree! You had better be ready at dawn to march in the Cowansville, Quebec parade where your grandfather was one of the dignitaries, and your father marched in the parade with the other World War 2 vets.
I was raised on pomp and circumstance- pointe finale, as they say in French.
Every Saturday morning I would awake to rousing military marching tunes by John Philip Sousa being played on the old Hi Fi in the family living room. John Philip Sousa was an American composer and conductor of the late Romantic era, known primarily for American military and patriotic marches. I have no idea how my father Arthur J. Knight found this musical passion, but he got it from somewhere. He loved the military so much that he joined the Canadian Army during WW II, but never made it past the training session in Georgia because the war ended. I often wondered if he wanted to follow my Grandfather Fred Knight’s footsteps as he returned from the trenches in France after WW1 with medals and and a lifetime encyclopedia full of stories.
I never remember asking my father to turn the death defying volume down as he chose to crouch next to the Hi Fi speaker with his ear glued to whatever was being played. I figured if he kept it up for enough years he was going to lose his hearing– and then there was the fact that he put up with my Beatle music. No teenager would ever want to mess around with their father’s views on their music. “The Washington Post” by Sousa was his absolute favourite, and then that usually followed with the “King Cotton March” with some added piping and drumming from the Grenadier Guards thrown in for good measure. This wasn’t a passing fancy- he would listen to music, and absorb it– but you would never hear about it in his conversations. I don’t think anyone knew except for my sister and a few others.
I can remember two things in my early life,besides the music. One sitting on a bed in the Allan Memorial Centre watching my mother playing cards, who had no idea who I was. The next thing I remember is a great commotion at age 3 in my grandmother’s bedroom on the night of November 11th.- Remembrance Day.
After the days solemn occasions the Branch #99 Legion in Cowansville had a huge party that same night. Children of course were not allowed, and they spent the evening drawing tickets for various prizes among other things. I remember the bedroom being very cold as it always was because it was heated by the woodstove downstairs. My eyes were blurry and they were all crowded around me shouting that I had won a kettle at the Legion. My grandmother of course probably put my name on some tickets and here was this kettle two inches from my face being waved around. Was it to be mine?
I never did see that kettle again, except on my grandmother’s woodstove. I remember they soon turned the lights off and told me to go back to sleep. Go back to sleep? After winning a kettle at the Legion? How does one do that LOL? Anyways, there was to be no sleeping because my father had gone downstairs and turned on my grandfather’s Hi Fi and blasted the Massed Pipes and Drums throughout the house at full volume. I think that is the first time I cried hearing the pipes; more likely because I was scared. Today, and every day I remember all of those who lost their lives for us in past wars and I thank them.
“Remembrance Day is when the country stops for two minutes of silence, to pay respects to those who gave their lives and our veterans who fought for our freedom.”
—Douglas Phillips, Canadian writer
Cowansville, July 4 – The Canadian Legion, Cowansville branch, will ignaugurate Monday at 8.30 p.m., a drive to erect a fitting Cowansville Veteran’s Memorial Hall building in this city.Members of the Cowansville Branch, No. 99, of the legion are seeking premises containing necessary rooms for meetings and recreation. The site for the building has been given by Miss Nina M. Nesbitt, of Cowansville, and plans for the building have been provisionally approved.On the evening of the inauguration the speakers will be His Worship Mayor E.A. Boisvert, Maj. Gen. C.B. Price, D.S.O., D.C.M., E.D., president of the Canadian Legion, and Capt. Henry Gonthier, past provincial president.Veterans will then parade through the streets of Cowansville and a street dance will follow. The board of trustees is composed of Mayor Eugene Boisvert, L.L. Bruck, H.F. Vilas, A.G. Scott, D.J. Barker. Co-chairmen of the Cowansville Legion Memorial Hall Building Fund are, R.L. Brault and J.H. Wood, M.B.E., E.D. The president of the local legion is F.J. Knight.-The Montreal Gazette, July 6, 1946
All my sister’s children are sick with the measles, and she has a stepson 14 years old
who is now delirious. I think he had a setback, no doubt caught cold with it. I have
an idea he took a cold bath I am not sure tho’ because I heard him say that if any
one should get sick, they bathe in cold water and will always get well.
He heard some Indians talking in that fashion and no doubt believed it, because one day, I was cooking dinner and he came in the kitchen and was trying to get warm and his hair was wet. and I asked him where he had been and he said, he was down to the creek, so I scolded him because he was not well enough to go to the creek. But that is always the
way that the Indians talk, and now it will be no doubt a death to the little orphaned boy.
Her next letter of October 29 reveals that the young boy is dead. The letter is
rich with the significance of that death to her personally and talks about how
Margaret’s family purifies themselves and their property in response to that death.
What is shocking is that a white doctor is charging $50 to treat Indian patients
during the midst of an epidemic :
Measles has been raging at our house now for six long weeks. My own little niece
that lives with me has taken down for the last four days, and she is the last child of
the bunch to have it. And I hope to goodness, I never hear of measles again. My
sister had a relapse and we had to have an American doctor come up and he
charged us $50.00 for one visit, but she pulled through all right. He said she had
black measles. So we had to wean the baby, while the other two kids were sick a bed
too. “Believe me”, we had our hands full. I mean my brother in-law and I. I am in
hopes he does not get the disease. The little boy I was telling you about, my sister’s
stepson died a few days after writing to you. I am almost positive he took a cold plunge
in the creek.
You know how superstitious the Indians are. I had to clean house and rake the
yard and burn everything which the boy came in contact with. My sister wanted me
to burn the single buggy and I wouldn’t do it. So now I will only wash the thing with
rose bushes, which they claim drives the evil spirits away, of course I do not believe
all that, but I will have to do it to satisfy them. I even had to wash the milk cow with
rose bushes, so she will not fear me to milk her. Ain’t that funny, but my sister is
thoroughly Indian, more so than Julia and I. She is the one whom my aunt raised.
I told you about her before. And the funniest part of all this deal is that I feel creepy
to go outdoors alone at night.
The day that the boy died, I went to the post office, with the thought I would call
a priest to come and see him since he is of the Catholic faith, and it was night when
I was on the way home. I wasn’t thinking much of anything when I saw a bright
light flash up a tree, which attracted my attention and I saw a flimsy white form go
up towards the heavens, and then I was so frighten, even my horse was afraid, and
when I reached home, he had been dead fully half an hour and that was about the
same time. I had the presentment. Ain’t that stränge? but it is true Big Foot. The
the little boy always thought so much of me. And he knew I think that I went to town
for his interest, poor fellow. He was a very good boy. He was as innocent as a small
child. And I think God wanted him away from this evil world and took him away.
By November 19, 1917, she could write that all was finally well, although clearly
she had not yet recovered from her own near death experience.
During the severe winter of 1917–1918, many troops were housed in crowded and poorly heated wooden barracks or tents. Many recruits had experienced measles as children and were thus immune; however, many others, particularly families from the rural areas had not been infected and were immunologically susceptible. During the winter of 1917–1918, there were large outbreaks of measles and nearly 2,000 measles-related deaths, mostly in mobilization camps and aboard troopships bound for Europe. Most measles-related deaths among soldiers were caused by secondary bacterial pneumonias.
MOURNING DOVE’S CANADIAN RECOVERY YEARS, 1917-1919
By 1917, Britain had over a million horses and mules in service, but harsh conditions, especially during winter, resulted in heavy losses, particularly amongst the Clydesdale horses, the main breed used to haul the guns.
How Many Canadian Horses were killed in World War 1
Col. Harry Baker, the only MP killed in action in the First World War. He was the member of Parliament for Brome, Que. Canada sent about 130,000 horses overseas during the First World War, according to Steve Harris, chief historian of the directorate of history and heritage at the Department of National Defence
How many horses were killed in the First World War?
Eight million horses, donkeys and mules died in World War I, three-quarters of them from the extreme conditions they worked in.
A war horse is often thought of as a huge cavalry charger or a smart officer’s mount. But during the First World War (1914-18), horses’ roles were much more varied. Their contribution included carrying and pulling supplies, ammunition, artillery and even the wounded. Without these hard-working animals, the Army could not have functioned.
The “pack horse was more important than the cavalry charger” in the First World War, noted Cook, pointing out that moving supplies of food and ammunition to the front lines was a constant need whereas waves of armed riders on galloping horses — both virtually defenceless against machine guns — had mostly become a thing of the past.
The film version of War Horse, he added, is sure to offer Canadians an informative glimpse of a little-remembered feature of the First World War.
Thousands of horses pulled field guns; six to 12 horses were required to pull each gun.
Eight million horses, donkeys and mules died in the First World War, three-quarters of them from the extreme conditions they worked in.
At the start of the war, the British Army had 25,000 horses. Another 115,000 were purchased compulsorily under the Horse Mobilization Scheme.
Over the course of the war, between 500 and 1,000 horses were shipped to Europe every day.
Dummy horses were sometimes used to deceive the enemy into misreading the location of troops.
Many horses were initially used as traditional cavalry horses but their vulnerability to modern machine gun and artillery fire meant their role changed to transporting troops and ammunition.
Veterinarians treated 2.5 million horses; two million recovered and returned to the battlefield.
The British Army Veterinary Corp hospitals in France cared for 725,000 horses and successfully treated three-quarters of them. A typical horse hospital could treat 2,000 animals at any one time.
Well-bred horses were more likely to suffer from shell shock and be affected by the sights and sounds of battle than less-refined compatriots.
Horses on the front line could be taught to lie down and take cover at the sound of artillery fire.
In muddy conditions, it could take up to 12 hours to clean a horse and the harness.
One-quarter of all deaths were due to gunfire and gas; exhaustion and disease claimed the rest.
Horse fodder was the single largest commodity shipped to the front by some countries, including Britain.
Fearing their horses would face terrible and terrifying conditions at war, some owners took the drastic measure of humanely putting their animals down before the army could seize them.
In a single day during the 1916 Battle of Verdun, 7,000 horses from both sides were killed by long-range shelling, including 97 killed by single shots from a French naval gun.
Losses were particularly heavy among Clydesdale horses, which were used to haul guns.
Britain lost over 484,000 horses — one horse for every two men.
Horses were considered so valuable that if a soldier’s horse was killed or died he was required to cut off a hoof and bring it back to his commanding officer to prove that the two had not simply become separated.
I could not help but notice in your list of those who made the ultimate sacrifice in World War II, an error in a family name That is the name of Frank Cavers, misspelled as Frank (The C Cavers name has become familiar to me because of a visit to the Cavers family home here in Ramsay recently. The farm holds a great deal of interest for me and I have come to learn a little of the people who lived there. Fortunately their history is fairly recent and easily obtainable. It is through this interest that my attention was drawn to your list of men and noticed that Frank Cavers was not remembered. Please let us give proper credit where it is due. Yours truly, Daphne Stevens Carp
November 1980- Almonte Gazette
Author’s Note: When I came upon this letter to the editor from 1980 I knew Frank Caver had to be documented for posterity.
CANADIAN VIRTUAL WAR MEMORIAL
Robert Franklin Cavers
In memory of:
Warrant Officer Class II Robert Franklin Cavers
March 23, 1943Yarmouth, Nova Scotia
Royal Canadian Air ForceCitation(s):
1939-45 Star, Atlantic Star, War Medal 1939-45, Canadian Volunteer Service Medal and Clasp.
April 23, 1916 Appleton, OntarioEnlistment:
March 14, 1941 Vancouver, British Columbia
Son of Thomas Edgar and Bessie May (nee McNabb) Cavers, of Almonte, Ontario. Brother of Harold, Melville and Agnes.
1957, Thursday January 10, The Almonte Gazette, page 6 Obituary THOMAS EDGAR CAVERS The funeral of Thomas Edgar Cavers took place December 26th from the Fleming Bros. Funeral Home, Lake Ave. West, Carleton Place to the United Cemetery for interment. Rev. J. Ray Anderson of Almonte conducted the service. Mr. Cavers died in the R. M. Hospital, Almonte, on December 23 after a short illness. He was 74 years of age and was born February 9th, 1882 in Ramsay Township, son of the late Thomas Cavers and his wife, Margaret Miller Thom. He had farmed for years in Ramsay and attended Appleton United Church. He was married in June, 1915, to the former Bessie May McNab. Surviving besides his widow are two sons, Harold of Toronto; Melville of Almonte, a daughter (Agnes), Mrs. Tudor of Perth, a brother, James of Carleton Place and a half sister, Miss Margaret Cavers of Almonte. The pallbearers were Messrs. Ollie Stewart, Victor Kellough, Duncan Stewart, Stewart Cavers, John Lowe and Edward Lowe. Among the beautiful floral tributes were pieces from Almonte Legion, Weaving Room of Collie’s mill, Appleton W.I.. Appleton W.A
Bessie May McNabb Cavers
23 May 1892Carleton Place, Lanark County, Ontario, Canada
18 Apr 1980 (aged 87)Carleton Place, Lanark County, Ontario, Canada
1980, Wednesday May 7, The Almonte Gazette, page 2 Bessie May McNabb Cavers, Nel-Gor Castle Nursing Home, Carleton Place, died April 18, at the age of 87 Mrs Cavers was born May 23, 1892. in Ramsay township, the daughter of the late David McNabb and Agnes Kellough On June 30. 1915, she married the late Thomas Edgar Cavers, a farmer, in Appleton Mrs Cavers was a member of Zion Memorial United Church, a charter member of the Appleton Women’s Institute, and a life member of the Ladies Auxiliary of the Royal Canadian Legion, branch 240 She was the mother of the late Frank and Harold Cavers, and the sister of the late David, George, and Welland McNabb. Mrs Cavers is survived by her daughter Agnes Tudor, of Toronto, and her son Melville Cavers, of Almonte A public funeral was held April 21 from the Alan Barker Funeral Home The service was conducted by Reverend Mitchell. Burial took place at the United Cemeteries. Ashton Mrs Cavers pallbearers were Tom Proctor, Delbert Barr, Art Fulton, Doug Stewart, Bert McRae, and Bill Struthers
From the North Lanark Museum ( Appleton)
Only two years after the Collie Woollen Mills began production World War Two began. The war was a major boost to the local economy. The mill shifted to 24 hour a day production in order to fill the military contracts. The mill produced woollens for uniforms, blankets and other military needs.
The war deeply affected the community of Appleton as sons and daughters enlisted to protect their country while families worked extra shifts at the mill
When the war was over, the community prepared an honor roll that hung in the Appleton Community Hall. The honor roll now resides at the North Lanark Regional Museum in Appleton:
This honor roll, which hung in the Appleton Community Hall until it was destroyed by fire, commemorates those Appleton residents who volunteered for active service during World War II. A silver star denotes those soldiers who gave their lives.
Frank Cavers (*)
Robert Duncan (*)
William B. Hopkins
Russell James (*)
James Pye (*)
Rank: Warrant Officer Class II Trade: Air Gunner Service No: R/97637 Date of Death: 23/03/1943 Age: 26 Regiment/Service: Royal Canadian Air Force, #113 Bomber Reconnaissance Squadron (Yarmouth,, Nova Scotia) Citation(s): 1939-45 Star, Atlantic Star, War Medal 1939-45, Canadian Volunteer Service Medal and Clasp
Killed at Yarmouth airport, N.S., with 3 other aircrew, when their plane crashed after take-off and then exploded. Son of Thomas Edgar and Bessie Cavers, of Almonte.