Tag Archives: orphans

Deserted and  Illegitimate Children 1900

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Deserted and  Illegitimate Children 1900
March 1900

In Canada, John Joseph Kelso, a newspaper reporter for the Toronto World and later the Globe, devoted his life to securing a better system of providing for children’s social and emotional needs. Initially disturbed by the ill treatment of animals, he was a founding member and first president of the Toronto Humane Society in 1887. By 1891, he established the first Children’s Aid Society in Toronto. In 1893 Canada’s first Children’s Act was passed in parliament: An Act for the Prevention of Cruelty to and Better Protection of Children.

Foster care emerged by the latter half of the 19th century in response to beliefs that a substitute family was a more appropriate place than an institution for a child to build character and receive positive influence.

The assumption at the time was that children in institutions learned what were perceived to be evil or idle habits from one another and generally did not have the chance to morally improve. Organizations like Dr. Barnardo’s Homes placed orphaned British children with Ontarian families to provide farm labour and domestic service in return for what they hoped would be a better life.  Dr. Barnardo’s Homes provided the model for Ontario’s first foster homes.

Foster parents received no remuneration and were expected to ensure the child’s attendance at school and Sunday school, while providing food, clothing and support to the child’s character development.

CLIPPED FROM
The Kingston Daily News
Kingston, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
11 Dec 1900, Tue  •  Page 4


CLIPPED FROM
The Kingston Daily News
Kingston, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
11 Dec 1900, Tue  •  Page 4

CLIPPED FROM
The Weekly British Whig
Kingston, Ontario, Canada
01 Nov 1894, Thu  •  Page 3

CLIPPED FROM
The Weekly British Whig
Kingston, Ontario, Canada
17 Jul 1922, Mon  •  Page 3

CLIPPED FROM
The Weekly British Whig
Kingston, Ontario, Canada
17 Jul 1922, Mon  •  Page 3

CLIPPED FROM
The Kingston Daily News
Kingston, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
11 Dec 1900, Tue  •  Page 4


Waterloo Region Record
Haunted by memories of Cambridge’s Coombe Orphanage | TheRecord.com

Updates–What Happened to the Cardwell Orphans?

He Fired the Barn! The Orphans of Carleton Place

Strange Folklore from Ontario –BIRTH AND CHILDHOOD

Does Anyone Want to Adopt a Baby? 1900s

The Children of Ross Dhu Part 2 Hilda Martin

The Very Sad Tale of Cecil Cummings of Carleton Place

The Children of Ross Dhu –Evacuation to Canada

The War Children that Tried to Come to Canada–SS City of Benares

Adoption 1960’s Style –MJ Whittaker

Newspaper Columns of the Past- Today’s Child- Helen Allen

The British Home Children — The Trip to Canada

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The British Home Children — The Trip to Canada

Between 1869 and 1932, over 100,000 children were sent from Britain to Canada through assisted juvenile emigration. These migrants are called “home children” because most went from an emigration agency’s home for children in Britain to its Canadian receiving home. The children were placed with families in rural Canada.

Douglas G Barbour of Brockville who was sent out in 1927 on the very day he turned 16 recalled being very sick on the voyage. The journey which took seven days “wasn’t a bad crossing” he said, “but the first day out was rough. All the children were put down below to get out of the way of the waves which were just swishing over the deck.

Another lad and myself just had to see the waves so we walked out on deck. A big wave came along and swept over us and we were washed overboard. I grabbed the rail so hard I think the marks are still there on my hands and I saved myself.

His companion was washed overboard but was rescued. On the same ship was his friend John Thomson now of Gananoque who had been in a home for five years. His father was killed in an accident at the creamery where he worked and he and his four younger brothers had all been sent to live at Quarrier’s Home. He also was 16 years old.


British Home Children in Canada
Ships the BHC Came On – BRITISH HOME CHILDREN IN CANADA

Both boys along with the 40 or 50 others in their group were sent to receiving homes in Brockville. From there Thomson was sent to the market garden farm of Howard Keyes in Cataraqui which then was well outside the city of Kingston.

“It was all right” he said “but it was all work. If you want to eat you’ve got to work they say.”

He worked on the farm from 1927 to 1931 when he married and rented the farm next to Keyes and set up market gardening with his wife. “It turned out OK” he said with a smile, But a lot weren’t as lucky as I was to get a good home.” 

Diana Thompson of Huntsville had a sizable display of family photos and documents detailing the experiences of her grandmother Margaret Watt who was with her twin sister Sarah and was sent over in 1890 when they were 14.

Their mother had died when they were three and their father, a joiner, remarried. When he was killed in an accident on a ship his wife gave the girls to their uncle to care for. However one day when he was at work his wife and her sister took the girls to the Quarrier’s Home and left them there.

Quarrier Homes at Bridge of Weir. Read more here click

Their crossing took 21 days and after landing at Quebec the twins were separated and sent to farms in the Brockville area “My grandmother wouldn’t talk about her life story” Thompson said, “She had left two older sisters and a brother behind.” 

Beth Bruder, chair of the Canadian organizing committee, also touched on the theme of separation and loss – loss these children suffered going into the home loss when they came to Canada and especially loss of innocence. Many she said were shocked to find that they were viewed only as workers, not as equals in their new country.

Bruder recalled her own mother telling her of overhearing someone ask who she was on her first Sunday in church. “Oh she’s just a Home girl” came the reply- a reply whose sting was never forgotten “Today however” Bruder said “I want to focus on the success that many of these children had in a country that gave them a chance to grow and prosper.”

with files from

The Kingston Whig-Standard

Kingston, Ontario

Ernest Kennings — Home Boy — British Home Children

Robert Laidlaw Home Boy — British Home Children–Buchanan Scrapbook Clippings

Did You Know About Dr. Barnardo’s Baby’s Castle? British Home Children — Home Boys

Canadians Just Wanted to Use me as a Scullery-Maid

Laundry Babies – Black Market Baby BMH 5-7-66

More Unwed Mother Stories — Peacock Babies

The Wright Brothers– British Home Children

Home Boys and Family–Mallindine Family — Larry Clark

Clippings of the Barnardo Home Boys and Girls

Lily Roberts of Drummond The Rest of the Story

British Home Children – Quebec Assoc click

Ontario East British Home Child Family click

British Home Children Advocacy & Research Association click

Ernest Kennings — Home Boy — British Home Children

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Ernest Kennings — Home Boy — British Home Children
The Ottawa Journal
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
14 Sep 1898, Wed  •  Page 3

“When I could not go to school my stipend from the Home was stopped. Mr. Bradley was supposed to pay $125 over three years into a fund controlled by the Home. I am supposed to receive this money after I reached the age of 21. One thing that bothers me is Mr. Bradley had a son and a daughter–why did they want me?

I worked all day for the man while his children went to school, and I was younger than them. The only time I got to go to school was when the weather was too cold to work outside! I fell out of favour with the life I had and left.”

Name:Ernest Kennings
Arrival Age:11
Birth Year:abt 1885
Departure Port:Liverpool, England; Londonderry, Ireland
Arrival Date:8 Aug 1896
Arrival Port:Quebec, Quebec, Canada; Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Vessel:Scotsman
Search Ship Database:Search for the Scotsman in the ‘Passenger Ships and Images’ database

The trail ended there…:(

Robert Laidlaw Home Boy — British Home Children–Buchanan Scrapbook Clippings

Did You Know About Dr. Barnardo’s Baby’s Castle? British Home Children — Home Boys

Canadians Just Wanted to Use me as a Scullery-Maid

Laundry Babies – Black Market Baby BMH 5-7-66

More Unwed Mother Stories — Peacock Babies

The Wright Brothers– British Home Children

Home Boys and Family–Mallindine Family — Larry Clark

Clippings of the Barnardo Home Boys and Girls

Lily Roberts of Drummond The Rest of the Story

British Home Children – Quebec Assoc click

Ontario East British Home Child Family click

British Home Children Advocacy & Research Association click

Does Anyone Want to Adopt a Baby? 1900s

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Does Anyone Want to Adopt a Baby? 1900s
The Ottawa Journal
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
27 Jan 1910, Thu

The Children’s Aid Society have several of them two that are said to be -particularly cute youngsters around sixteen months old. They are now in a local institution. In fact at different orphanages and other institutions they now have twelve or thirteen children, ranging in ages from sixteen months to fourteen years, whom they want to find good homes for.

The orphanages in Ottawa are overcrowded. The ladies and gentlemen who meet each week to deal with the problem of looking after the neglected and dependent children, at their meeting at the city hall yesterday were told of several cases where there was urgent need of good foster homes for their wards.

There were reports regarding children sent to various local hospitals; and at least two cases where it has been necessary yo keep them at the Good Shepherds Convent for a short time and regarding some of the children now at the Dentention Home.

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The Ottawa Citizen
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
02 May 1908, Sat  •  Page 5

 Many orphanages were highly regimented, especially early in the century. Children marched to meals, which they ate in silence. They wore uniforms and sometimes had their heads shaved. Corporal punishment was common, with inmates routinely beaten across the hands with leather straps. The diet tended to be poor.

Orphanages often were dangerous. The mortality rate was not much better than on the streets. Older, bigger, tougher kids preyed mercilessly on younger, smaller inmates. Says Crenson, “As hard as it was to leave kids at the mercy of some adults, it was much worse to leave them at the mercy of 100 kids. Living in an orphanage meant either being a predator or a victim.” He found accounts of older boys accosting younger ones. There were institutions that were well-run by compassionate people, but in general an inmate’s life was a tough one.

Canadians Just Wanted to Use me as a Scullery-Maid

Laundry Babies – Black Market Baby BMH 5-7-66

The Wright Brothers– British Home Children

Updates–What Happened to the Cardwell Orphans?

The Children of Ross Dhu Part 2 Hilda Martin

The Children of Ross Dhu –Evacuation to Canada

The War Children that Tried to Come to Canada–SS City of Benares

The Hart Children of Lanark — Laurie Yuill

Maberly Girl Lives For Five Years Without Church

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Maberly Girl Lives For Five Years Without Church

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CLIPPED FROM

The Ottawa Journal
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
17 Feb 1913, Mon  •  Page 1

 

 

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CLIPPED FROM

The Ottawa Journal
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
10 Aug 1909, Tue  •  Page 3

 

 

 

relatedreading

The Hart Children of Lanark — Laurie Yuill

The Wright Brothers– British Home Children

Pinball Was Corrupting Our Children in Lanark County

The War Children that Tried to Come to Canada–SS City of Benares

The Children of Ross Dhu –Evacuation to Canada

Updates–What Happened to the Cardwell Orphans?

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Updates–What Happened to the Cardwell Orphans?

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The sad state of affairs with small children..😦 Clipped from The Ottawa Journal, 17 Jan 1894, Wed, Page 1

I posted this on Tuesday. What happened to these children? The next day this was posted…

 

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Clipped from Manitoba Morning Free Press18 Jan 1894, ThuPage 2

 

 

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It was always believed that some sort of miracle would would take place in the life of an orphan and they would be adopted. Orphans were normally taken in by their immediate relatives, neighbours or couples without children. Laws related to adoption did not prevail in the Victorian era and so most of the instances of adoption were informal. Adoption of a child of the lower class by people of higher class, however, did not permit the child to maintain relations with the higher class and Canada had strict laws. If you suddenly found yourself without family you were put in jail until the courts could deem your story. Canada was worried about the country becoming a dumping ground for child immigrants. Your morals were assessed to see if you could become responsible citizens.

Some of the orphans considered themselves lucky to get placed in educational institutions. The philanthropists of the Victorian era considered it a social responsibility to donate money to schools which were formed to educate the orphans and provide boarding facilities. Food, clothing, shelter and education were given to orphans until they turn seventeen. Once they attained the age of seventeen the orphans were expected to work and earn on their own.

Most of these education centres were not funded properly and Orphans were educated for the purpose of performing lower-middle class occupation such as that of a governess. To make matters worse the nutrition standards were not up to the standards and corporeal punishment excessively. In such poor conditions, diseases spread rapidly in the crowded centres.

As abandonment of children was quite often during the Victorian era a residential institution to take care of the orphans became the need of the hour. Thus orphanages were set up in different parts of United Kingdom as Group home, children home, rehabilitation centre and youth treatment centre.

The establishment of orphanages played a major role in reducing the infant mortality rates. The orphanages offered community-based living and learning to children. Though orphanages acted as a better option when compared to adoption and foster care, in some of the unregulated orphanages, children were subject to abuse and neglect. But there were still some orphans searching for a ray of light in the darkness, living in the streets doing menial work and begging for money for their living.

Gilbert and Bertha Cardwell were pardoned by the Dominion of Canada and who knows what desperate place they were sent. Attempts to find them on genealogy pages, insane asylum lists etc. were fruitless. All that is know is they went to an orphanage in Kingston and the were probably sent to the Sunnyside Children’s Centre in Kingston. From mid-century until 1893, children’s homes like the Kingston Orphans’ Home were the primary providers of care and protection to destitute and neglected children in Ontario. About one-third of the children admitted were returned to family, but more than half were placed in private homes when discharged. Establishing good placement procedures was therefore a priority and a primary motivation for the founding of the Home. One hundred thirty-five children placed by the Home from 1857 to 1876 are tracked in order to assess these placement practices and the Home’s effectiveness as a child protection agency.

 

 

historicalnotes

 

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Clipped from The Ottawa Journal20 Nov 1905, MonPage 1

 

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Clipped from Vancouver Daily World16 Jul 1896, ThuPage 7

 

 

Sunnyside Children’s Centre Kingston 1857-1998

History
The Orphans’ Home and Widows’ Friend Society was organized in 1857 to provide for the care and education of orphans. Initially these children came from the House of Industry, an institution established by the Female Benevolent Society for the poor of the area. By 1857 the House of Industry was well established and receiving aid so the women who had been involved in organizing that agency now turned their attention to the children. In March, 1857, thirteen children were admitted from the House of Industry into a house on Earl street where they were cared for and taught by a Mrs. Harold. Other destitute children attended the classes.
In 1862 the Orphans’ Home and Widows’ Friend Society was granted a charter. In 1862 the Orphanage and school moved to larger quarters. In 1927 the building housing the Orphanage was bought by Queen’s University and Sunnyside, the home of Mrs. G.Y. Chown, was bought for use as an orphanage. As conditions changed and orphan children were adopted or placed in foster homes the orphanage had fewer and fewer inmates. By 1947 the role of Sunnyside had changed. Since that time it has been a centre for the treatment of emotionally disturbed children

 

Ottawa– Protestants Orphan’s Home 😦

 

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Clipped from The Ottawa Journal20 Nov 1899, MonPage 4

 

Come and visit the Lanark County Genealogical Society Facebook page– what’s there? Cool old photos–and lots of things interesting to read. Also check out The Tales of Carleton Place.

Information where you can buy all Linda Seccaspina’s books-You can also read Linda in The Townships Sun and Screamin’ Mamas (USA)

relatedreading

He Fired the Barn! The Orphans of Carleton Place

The Very Sad Tale of Cecil Cummings of Carleton Place

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There are a lot of sad stories I could write about Carleton Place, but I try to keep it positive until I come across something I take really personally. That would be the sad life of a young Carleton Place boy called Cecil Cummings.

In 1933 it was reported that there were 17 children in the *Carleton Place Children’s Shelter that were all in good health. Seven of the children were wards of the county, and seven were wards of Smiths Falls. Three of the children were being cared for temporarily with their upkeep aid for by their parents.

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It was reported in the Ottawa Citizen in 1933 that Cecil Cummings, age 13, that resided at the Carleton Place shelter died as a result from a fall from a tree. Cecil had gone out with the other children for their daily walk and crossed over to an opposite field. Cecil climbed a large oak tree and tried to sit on a branch to gather some acorns ( Ottawa Citizen said it was chestnuts). He told his friends he felt dizzy, and within a few moments he fell from the tree. Mr Morphy picked him up and went back to the shelter where Mrs. Morphy called medical aid. Cecil became unconscious and remained so until he died from a fracture at the base of the skull that same day. Cecil was given a small service and was buried in the Auld Kirk Cemetery outside of Almonte.

He was the son of Mr. Ernest Cummings and the late Mrs. Cummings. After the death of his Mother, he was placed in the Children’s Shelter and then adopted by Mr and Mrs Deemer of Carleton Place. Soon after Mrs. Deemer died and he returned to the care of Mrs. Morphy at the shelter. 

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In 1934 there was increasing difficulty in making satisfactory settlements in cases that came under the *Unmarried Parents Act. It was stressed the need of foster homes for the Children’s Shelter was desperately needed. Mrs. Margaret Morphy, matron of the shelter, stated in in her report that the well being in the shelter in 1933 was the best she had. There was little sickness at all and very little trouble of any kind. There were 998 visitors during the year and 15 children lived in the shelter. Cecil Cummings was one of those children and today I tried to find his grave marker at Auld Kirk.

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I had no idea that the cemetery was that large. I had done research online yesterday, and could not find a record of his grave anywhere.That was not a good sign. Because he had no one to take care of him, I assume he was buried pauper style. For two hours I looked and could not turn up his grave site and it saddened me. Everyone deserves to be remembered in some way, no matter how old you were in life. No matter how much I searched no one was listening in Auld Kirk and the tree similar to what Cecil Cummings fell out of just waved slowly at me in the breeze.

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*The Children’s Shelter

Carleton Place, Ontario- now a private home located at 294 William Street as they changed all the numbers at one point.

The first Children’s Aid Society in Ontario was founded in 1891 in Toronto. It was 1920 before a Children’s Aid Society was formed in Lanark County, and this was in Perth. It would be 1924 before a children’s shelter would be established in Carleton Place.

Various members of the extended family of Abraham and Mary Morphy, under the leadership of Mrs John B. Morphy (Margaret), took in hundreds of local children in need over the years. This meant that, not only did these children receive the help and protection they needed, they did so in their own community and were no longer sent away.

Unmarried Parents Act

In 1921, despite the passing of legislation intended to ease the consequences of illegitimacy for children (Children of Unmarried Parents Act), reformers in Ontario made no effort to improve the status of unwed mothers. Furthermore, the reforms that were passed served as models for legislation in other provinces and even in some American states, institutionalizing, in essence, the prejudices evident throughout. Until now, historians have not sufficiently studied these measures, resulting in the marginalization of unwed mothers as historical subjects. InMisconceptions, Lori Chambers seeks to redress this oversight.

By way of analysis and careful critique, Chambers shows that the solutions to unwed pregnancy promoted in the reforms of 1921 were themselves based upon misconceptions. The book also explores the experiences of unwed mothers who were subjected to the legislation of the time, thus shedding an invaluable light on these formerly ignored subjects. Ultimately,Misconceptions argues that child welfare measures which simultaneously seek to rescue children and punish errant women will not, and cannot, succeed in alleviating child or maternal poverty.

When I posted this picture alone my friend Lisa Crandall asked me if those were the ears of gargoyles sitting in the tree.

Photos by Linda Secaspina

Vintage photo- The Carleton Place and Beckwith Heritage Museum

UPDATE- July 20,2015-

Hi Linda,
Sorry I have been so long in getting back to you. we have checked all our records and are unable to find a Cecil Cummings age 13 either in our records or a stone maker.
Regards
Elaine Fulton Auld Kirk Cemetery, Almonte