Tag Archives: drummond township

The Original Thomas Alfred Code and Andrew Haydon Letters – —Part 1

The Original Thomas Alfred Code and  Andrew Haydon Letters – —Part 1

Photo- Perth Remembered


The first industrial process on the site was operated by the Kilpatrick family beginning in 1842 and established as a tannery shortly thereafter.  In 1882 a new owner, Thomas Alfred Code, established Codes Custom Wool Mill with a range of processes, including: carding, spinning, fulling, shearing, pressing, and coloring of yarns. In 1896, its name was changed to the Tay Knitting Mill, and it produced yarn, hosiery, socks, gloves, sporting-goods, sweaters, and mitts. Another change came in 1899, when a felt-making process was introduced and the mill was renamed Code Felt. The company continued to operate until the closing of the factory in 1998.


51 Herriott – The Code Mill is actually a collage of five different buildings dating from 1842. T.A. Code moved to Perth in 1876, and bought this property by 1883. Code spent 60 years in business in Perth. The business started with a contract to supply the North West Mounted Police with socks, and continued for many years manufacturing felt for both industrial and commercial uses.


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In the 1883, Mr. T. A. Code established Codes Custom Wool Mill with a range of processes, including:  carding, spinning, fulling, shearing, pressing, and coloring of yarns. In 1896, its name was changed to the  Tay Knitting Mill, and it produced yarn, hosiery, socks, gloves, sporting-goods, sweaters, and mitts.  Another change came in 1899, when a felt-making process was introduced and the mill was renamed  Code Felt. The company continued to operate until the closing of the factory in 1998. The following year, John Stewart began a major restoration and introduced new uses for this landmark. This impressive limestone complex with its central atrium now has an interesting mix of commercial tenants.-Perth Remembered


How did I get this?

I purchased this journal online from a dealer in California. I made every attempt to make sure the journal came back to its rightful location. Every day I will be  putting up a new page so its contents are available to anyone. It is a well worn journal full of glued letters and newspaper clippings which I think belonged to Code’s son Allan at one point. Yes there is lots of genealogy in this journal. I am going to document it page by page. This journal was all handwritten and hand typed.

How did it get into the United States?  The book definitely belonged to Allan Code and he died in Ohio in 1969.

Allan Leslie Code

1896–1969 — BIRTH 27 MAR 1896  Ontario—DEATH JUN 1969  Mentor, Lake, Ohio, USA


Andrew Haydon.jpgAndrew Haydon- see bio below–He was the author of Pioneer Sketches of The District of Bathurst (Lanark and Renfrew Counties, Ontario) (The Ryerson Press, 1925) and Mackenzie King and the Liberal Party (Allen, 1930).


April 11 1929 (all these letters were glued together at the top and very fragile)



February 25,1929


February 26, 1929



February 22, 1929


Signed T. A. Code  on wax paper style paper

January 25, 1929




3 page letter written and signed by Andrew Haydon– January 25 1929– see below

January 25, 1929

Dear Mr. Code,

If you can spare some time I wish you could send me as full an account as you can give of Innisville, its beginnings, its early life as to mills and industries. I mean the sewall? early industries and trades as well.

Also I want to know about you, your family history. When they came and where from + who they all were. I learn by family and by name. My records are significantly scarce reflecting Innisville and Ferguson Falls except in reference with newspapers where source obituaries offers a few records about the deceased.

Was Innisville and Ferguson Falls wooded and was there a lumbering trade? To what extent were your family mills returning both in time and output and did they go beyond the local trade as did the later developed mills in Almonte and Carleton Place on the same river. The village I suppose got its name from someone named Innis. Who was he and what did he do? You mention having seen Senator McLaren as a riverman. If you can add anything reflecting his beginnings, I would appreciate it.

I hope I am not a nuisance.

Kindest regards

Yours Sincerely,

Andrew Haydon


NEXT—Monday– A few words to Mr. Haydon from Mr. Code about his life.




Andrew Haydon.jpg

Andrew Haydon (June 28, 1867 – November 10, 1932) was a Canadian lawyer and senator. Born in Pakenham, Ontario, the son of James Haydon and Eleanor Sadler,[1] he received a Master of Arts degree in 1893 and a Bachelor of Law degree in 1895 from Queen’s University. He graduated from Osgoode Hall Law School in 1897 and was soon after called to the Ontario Bar. He practiced law in Lanark, Ontario from 1897 to 1899 and then in Ottawa. He was Secretary of the 1919 National Liberal Convention and General Secretary of the National Liberal Organization Committee from 1920 to 1922. In 1924, he was appointed to the Senate of Canada representing the senatorial division of Ottawa, Ontario. He served until his death.

He was the author of Pioneer Sketches of The District of Bathurst (Lanark and Renfrew Counties, Ontario) (The Ryerson Press, 1925) and Mackenzie King and the Liberal Party (Allen, 1930).

In 1902, he married Euphemia Macdonald Scott. They had one son, Andrew Scott Haydon.

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Peter McLaren (September 21, 1833 – May 23, 1919 was a Canadian politician.

Born in Lanark, Upper Canada, he was the son of James McLaren, an immigrant from Scotland. He married Sophia, the daughter of William Lees. McLaren was involved in the timber trade and operated sawmills in Carleton Place and at McLaren’s depot on the Kingston and Pembroke Railway line as well as in Alberta.


Guelph Archives– Carleton Place-

In 1881, the Ontario government passed the Rivers and Streams Act, mainly due to a dispute between McLaren and a rival lumber company over access to McLaren’s timber slides on the Mississippi River. The Act was disallowed by John Alexander Macdonald, leading to a dispute over jurisdiction between the Mowat government in Ontario and the federal government. However, in 1884, the Act was upheld by the British Judicial Committee of the Privy Council in McLaren v. Caldwell.

McLaren was appointed to the Senate of Canada in 1890 on the advice of John Alexander Macdonald representing the senatorial division of Perth, Ontario. A Conservative, he served 29 years until his death in Perth in 1919.

 - Thomas A. Code Honored Guest On Diamond Jubilee...

Clipped from

  1. The Ottawa Journal,
  2. 04 May 1936, Mon,
  3. Page 15
  4.  - CODE At Perth. Ont . on Tuesday. June 29, 1W7....



Clipped from The Ottawa Journal,  01 Oct 1953, Thu,  Page 37 - Fashions by Canadians Soon To Vic With Paris,...

Clipped from The Ottawa Journal,  26 Oct 1954, Tue,  Page 8

Come and visit the Lanark County Genealogical Society Facebook page– what’s there? Cool old photos–and lots of things interesting to read. Also check out The Tales of Carleton Place.

Information where you can buy all Linda Seccaspina’s books-You can also read Linda in The Townships Sun andScreamin’ Mamas (USA)




What Went Wrong with the Code Mill Fire in Innisville?

One of the First Settlers of Drumond from the Massacre at Culloden

One of the First Settlers of Drumond from the Massacre at Culloden


Among the first settlers in the township of Drummond were members of the family of John Robertson, who lived at Carie in Carwhin on the north side of the Loch Tay on lands formerly owned by the chief of the Storian branch of the Robertson clan but later absorbed by the Breadalbane branch of the Campbells.  The story is handed down that the father of this John was one of 700 Robertsons who joined the army of Prince Charlie in the Rebellion of 1745.  At the battle or rather massacre at Culloden he escaped the fate of so many of his classmates his only casualty was having a buckle shot off his shoe.

The eldest son, Hugh, a young many of about 25 years, was a graduate of Stirling Academy where he had shown special mathematical abilities but though he held a good position as bookkeeper and overseer of the Drummond estate at Etalkian, he decided to try his fortune in the new lands.

In April, 1816, he married Christine McDonald and shortly after sailed on the transport vessel The Lady of the Lake, arriving at Quebec on September 7 of the same year.  On another boat came his sister Janet and her husband Donald Campbell and in a different boat had arrived a few months earlier his wife’ brother Donald McDonald.

Owing to some differences among the authorities of the time, the survey of lands suitable for settlement in Drummond township had not been completed, much to the annoyance and discomfort of the arriving settlers.  The local certificates of Hugh Robertson and Donald McDonald, who settled on adjacent lots on the concession (now Drummond Centre District) were dated 12-9-1816, the same year, but a few months later than the first settlement in Perth and on the Scotch Line.  Donald Campbell and his wife Janet took up their land on Concession 6 not far from what is now Armstrong’s Corners.

The question of the “Highland second sight” and the foreshadowing of the future in dreams may be a debatable one but the story is that Hugh was the “seer” of the family and to some degree at least had “the gift”, anyway it is told that before leaving Scotland he had the conviction that he should know the particular lot on which he should settle when he saw it.  He had no difficulty in making the selection and never regretted having done so.  He remained on the same farm during his lifetime taking an active part in municipal politics and religious life of the new country but never seeking public office beyond accepting a commission as justice of the peace.  His youngest son, James W. Robertson, succeeded to the ownership of the farm which on his death was purchased by Henry Ireton.

None of his lineal descendents are now living in Drummond township.  His son Donald, who learned the trade of millwright and carpenter, married the daughter of a neighboring farmer, Janet Shaw, located in Perth and built a home on Drummond Street in 1861 which though not now occupied regularly is still kept as the homestead of the family.

The oldest son John, who married miss Rudsdale, died when only 31 years of age, leaving two sons, one of whom, Hugh, was widely and fairly known in the Perth district as bookkeeper for the Meighen mercantile business.  The other son, William J., took high honors at Toronto University and taught math at St. Catharines for many years.


Hugh Robertson, J.P., 1791 – 1869, his wife Christiana MacDonald, 1789 – 1970. Natives of Breadalbane, Perthshire, Scotland.    Also their children

1839 – Mary A. – 1839

1817 – Janet McLaren – 1848

1820 – John – 1851

1832 – Peter – 1854

1824 – Duncan – 1853

1826 – Hugh – 1870


Information where you can buy all Linda Seccaspina’s books-You can also read Linda in The Townships Sun and Screamin’ Mamas (USA)

Come and visit the Lanark County Genealogical Society Facebook page– what’s there? Cool old photos–and lots of things interesting to read. Also check out The Tales of Carleton Place.



Shades of Outlander in Carleton Place–John McPherson–Jacobite

Home Economic Winners Lanark County Names Names Names– Drummond Centre

Memories of When the Devil Visited Drummond Township

Innisville Crime — Elwood Ireton of Drummond Centre

Drummond Centre United Church — and The Ireton Brothers 38 Year Reunion–Names Names Names

Memories of When the Devil Visited Drummond Township

Memories of When the Devil Visited Drummond Township


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Hi Linda,

This occurred very near my family farm. My great grandfather Daniel Malloch walked from the farm in Drummond Center carrying a bag of grain to attend the hanging. He had the grain ground into flour and walked home with the bag of flour afterwards. He would not have wanted to waste a trip to Perth.:) It was a horrifying story told by my grandmother and she backed it up with a unique macabre visual aid. A small change purse made from the murderers skin.We still have the object and although I would hesitate to ever label it a cherished family treasure it is without a doubt a piece of history.  Glenda Mahoney (The Mahoney Legacy Ends–Masonry Runs in the Blood)


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The Thomas Easby Murders in 1829 — Foulest Ever in Lanark County


In Perth, 1829 has a heinous ring to its history for it was the year that one of the county’s foulest murders was committed.  The late W.B. Hart of Perth is responsible for the tale of Thomas Easby being told. Mr. Hart in (date illegible) gave the Perth Municipal Museum a copy of the Bathurst Independent Examiner—Perth’s pioneer paper.  Between the pages of the 1829 Examiner the story of the murders unfolds.

Thomas Easby was a pioneer who, with his wife and five children, lived in a log cabin on the 9th Concession of Drummond—on the main highway between Perth and Lanark Village.  There, on an early December night in 1829 the tale begins.

What exactly transpired within the walls of that house on that night is not known.  But it was discovered the next day that Easby’s wife and four children were dead and the log cabin was burned to the ground. Linda Seccaspina- Read More here–The Thomas Easby Murders in 1829 — Foulest Ever in Lanark County



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Canada’s First Mass Murder–Ron Shaw
At about 3:00 a.m. on the cold morning of Wednesday, December 10, 1828, John Tullis
(1777-1832), who lived with his wife Margaret Jamieson (1777-1851) and their eight children on a farm at Drummond C-9/L-3(E)1, about a mile north of the village of Balderson’s Corners, was awakened by distant shouts. His wife then saw an orange glow emanating from the shanty of their neighbor Thomas Easby on Drummond C-9/L-3(W).

The Easby cabin was on fire and the Tullis’ teenage sons John Jr. (1809-1885) and Sinclair (1811-1893) immediately ran across theintervening clearing to lend whatever assistance they could. John Tullis Jr. later2 recounted that as he approached the door of the cabin Easby called out “Who comes there”. The Tullis boys identified themselves, saying they had come to help, but Easby told them he had “mastered the fire himself”.  Ron Shaw– Read the rest here–CLICK HERE



10 May 1901
Over 70 years ago a man named Easby who settled on Hunter farm beyond Balderson, murdered wife and 4 or 5 children and then burned down house…executed in Perth in 1829. On 7th inst Joseph Parton living near Hurdville, Parry Sound Dist arrested, suspected of same crime…5 children died April 30…7-18 years old

26 Nov 1909
Duncan McLaren, old resident Balderson, died at his residence Saturday last. Was born on homestead farm (Bathurst side of concession line) in 1828, son of Archibald McLaren, Highland Scotchman and pioneer settler. Just 6 weeks younger than aged townsman Robert Balderson, who was born on farm just across road on Drummond side. Same year of 1828 terrible Easby murders took place a few farms farther north. Married Miss Sarah McMillan, 1st line Drummond who survives. Mrs Francis Davies, Perth, is a sister. Leaves 2 sons, Archibald & James, Man; Peter, 6th Bathurst; Alexander, old family farm. Mrs Arthur Caldwell, Bruce Co; Mrs John Hughes, Chesley, Ont. 2 nephews in hotelbusiness in Winnipeg (Empire Hotel)… Presb…to Campbell Cemetery


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From Rampage: Canadian Mass Murder and Spree Killing
By Lee Mellor

MS 658 Reel 112 Document 944- 947 (handwritten) Drummond Township

Toronto – January 27th 1857

My Dear Sir,

In reply to your inquiry as to Joseph Easby I have only to state that while attending the Session of Parliament here in 1829 or 1830 I have a recollection of Mr. Wm. Morris speaking to me about him and his making an arrangement with John Hay in whose house he lodged, to receive him and to bring him up. Wm. Easby the father of the boy had murdered all the other members of his family & then set fire to the log house in which they lived — The fire did not however consume the remains and he so managed as to have them interred without any suspicion resting upon him of having murdered them. The youngest and only child spared, Joseph, was received at the time by a neighbour and it was in consequence of something said in the course of play with other children that a suspicion of foul play was excited and the bodies were disinterred. The sad truth was then ascertained that all had been barbarously murdered and Easby who was just about to leave the place was arrested. He was convicted and executed for the crime leaving the child he had spared, the instrument under providence of his detection without friends or relatives in the country. Hay having no family of his own willingly received the boy and for several years after I saw him in the house while lodging there during the Sessions of Parliament. I know that Hay and his wife were extremely kind to the boy and that they did not expect or receive any compensation for their care of him.

I have every reason to believe that their care and kindness were extended to him as long as he chose to remain with them and till he was old enough to earn something for himself.

I cannot say at what time he left them or whether he did not usually make his home with them till the death of Mrs. Hay. I have understood that he was drowned from a small schooner in which he was sailing, in the harbour of Toronto.

Tho’ I believe Hay was influenced by a feeling of kinship & humanity in taking the boy under his care, yet I think in his present position if there are means of his estate that he has decidedly the best claim upon them– at least I am not aware that any one has a more legitimate claim.

Yours very truly

A. Mc Lean

E.C. Jones Esq.



Information where you can buy all Linda Seccaspina’s books-You can also read Linda in The Townships Sun and Screamin’ Mamas (USA)

Come and visit the Lanark County Genealogical Society Facebook page– what’s there? Cool old photos–and lots of things interesting to read. Also check out The Tales of Carleton Place.



Was it Murder?

Murder or Accident — Bates & Innes Flume

Murders and Mysteries of the Mississippi Hotel

Not Guilty in the Murder of His Grandmother –George Watt Jr.

Fame and Murder Came to Balderson in 1828

The Thomas Easby Murders in 1829 — Foulest Ever in Lanark County

Murder in Carleton Place –Peter Cairns

The Buck Lake Murderer

The Media Then and Now–Johnny Gillies Had a Gun

Shocking Murder in Almonte–Michigan Charlie

Murder on Maple Island

Bitten by the Kissing Bug — A Shocking Conclusion to the Life of Carleton Place’s Daniel E. Sheppard

The Tale of a Pirate named Bill Johnston with Pirate Dog Supermodels

Assassinated Gossip about Lincoln, Payne and the Thousand Islands

The Man Who Would Be The Revenant

Murders and Mysteries of the Mississippi Hotel

Did Samuel Pittard of Ashton Murder His Wife?





Here we go Carleton Place– Mark Your Calendars–


Join us and learn about the history under your feet! This year’s St. James Cemetery Walk will take place Thursday October 19th and october 21– Museum Curator Jennfer Irwin will lead you through the gravestones and introduce you to some of our most memorable lost souls!
Be ready for a few surprises along the way….
This walk takes place in the dark on uneven ground. Please wear proper footwear and bring a small flashlight if you like.
Tickets available at the Museum, 267 Edmund Street. Two dates!!!

OCT 28th
Downtown Carleton Place Halloween Trick or Treat Day–https://www.facebook.com/events/489742168060479/

Here we go Carleton Place– Mark Your Calendars–


October 28th The Occomores Valley Grante and Tile Event–730pm-1am Carleton Place arena-Stop by and pick up your tickets for our fundraiser dance for LAWS. They also have tickets for Hometown Hearts event at the Grand Hotel fundraiser

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Bill Armstrong and The Innisville Museum

Bill Armstrong and The Innisville Museum


In 1967 SS#17 Drummond –the Innisville School– closed its doors along with the rest of the Lanark County schools and a local man had a dream that this once busy building be turned into a museum. Bill Drummond who lived across the street once went to school in that building in the 1900s and already had a growing collection of Pioneer artifacts sitting on his front verandah– not to mention the ongoing  community donations once folks heard there might be a museum in Innisville.

It made sense to him that this former thriving community should have permanent memories from the once sizable population. Most of Innisville had been destroyed in a  fire in the late 19th century and a lot of the town had moved away for a better future.

Sadly the Innisville & District Museum in Drummond Township closed in 2007, and the Lanark & District Museum agreed to take on the Innisville Museum Collection in order to preserve that district’s heritage. That meant the dairy corner with the separator and the wood butter prints would be moving along with the lovely spool bed, clocks and hanging lamps. Innisville history along with the Teachers desk that had sat there through the years along with the writing slates and quill pens would still be shared with the Lanark County folks.

Thank you Bill Armstrong for caring so much about our local history to have given your free time to anyone who was interested in finding out about the past.

“History is not just something that happened long ago and far away. History happens to all of us all the time. Local history brings history home, it touches your life, the life of your family, your neighbourhood, your community.”




Nancy Hudson–
Bill was a quiet modest man with a quick wit and sense of humour. My best memory of Bill was as Santa Claus at our Christmas concerts in the old Orange Hall, he was a very ‘slim’ Santa! If Elsie Kilfoyle was the “Ma” of Innisville, Bill Armstrong was definitely the “Pa”


December 20, 1977        William John Armstrong

Mr. William John Armstrong of Innisville died December 20, 1977 at the home of his grandson, Robert Armstrong, Ottawa. He was in his 80th year, and had been in failing health for some time. He was born September 10, 1898, at Gilbert Plains, Dauphin, Manitoba, the son of an Innisville couple, John W. Armstrong and his wife, Annie Hudson. He was educated at Scotch Corners and Innisville. He resided in this district for 73 years, and prior to his retirement he was a farmer, and also worked as a truck driver for the Department of Highways, Steel’s Cartage, Carleton Place and Reynolds’ Cartage, Carleton Place.

Mr. Armstrong was active in the community. He was curator of the museum at Innisville from the time of its inauguration until his death. He was Past Master of LOL No. 92, Innisville, a member of RBP, Carleton Place; Past Master of St John’s Lodge No. 63  AF and AM Carleton Place; a former member of the 100F, Carleton Place, and secretary of St John’s Cemetery Committee. Predeceased by his wife, the former Annie Gardiner. They were married at Trinity Church, Ottawa, July 18, 1923. Survivors include a son, Stanley W Armstrong, Ottawa; grandsons, Robert John Armstrong and William Edwin Armstrong, both of Ottawa; and sisters, Bella (Mrs. Ernie Miller) Pakenham; Maggie (Mrs Ernie Rathwell) Smiths Falls; Carrie (Mrs. William McCall) Carleton Place; Alma (Mrs. William Voege) New Jersey, USA; Essie , Mrs Clyde Emerson) Carleton Place and Annie ( Mrs. Carl Morris) Peterborough. Ont. He was predeceased by a sister, Ethel (Mrs. James Johnston) and two brothers, Thomas and Herb Armstrong. The funeral service took place Dec. 22, 1977 at St John’s Anglican Church, Innisville, with the Rector, Rev. Roger Young, officiating. Interment will be in St John’s Cemetery. Pallbearers were two grandsons, Robert and William Armstrong, and four nephews, John Armstrong, Gordon Miller, Robert Brydges and George Gardiner.

Come and visit the Lanark County Genealogical Society Facebook page– what’s there? Cool old photos–and lots of things interesting to read.

Information where you can buy all Linda Seccaspina’s books-You can also read Linda in Hometown News and now in The Townships Sun

Related Reading

The Name of the Man that Moved the Kennedy House

The House that Skated to Carleton Place — Kennedy House

Memories of the Pickerel Run Innisville

More Pictures of the Innisville Pickerel Run

The Angling Adventures of John and Leonard McNeely

Tales of the Innisville Hotel

Back Where I came From — Innisville

Who Can Forget SS #1, Drummond?



*Lanark County, Ontario : SS No. 3, Drummond Township, about 1909-Charles Dobie Collection

Perth Courier, June 21, 1935

Who Can Forget SS #1, Drummond

By one of the 3rd School – in the Lanark Era


SS #15, Drummond, on the Scotch Line where Nat McLenaghan’s lane entered the road once stood a wide spreading elm tree with a trunk of enormous size.  How this great elm rejoiced to see brides coming to cabins and homes springing up north, south, east and west.  Wider and wider it spread its branches when in mid summer with its luxurious foliage it kindly bestowed cooling cover.  The storms blew, fires razed, and on every side the companions of this elm passed but still it grew and flourished with the settlers.  George McFarlane, Hophni Aytoon, Walter McIlquham, James McIlquham, William Cunningham and William Cuthbertson had farms in this section.  They all had large families which was a great asset to a young country.

Soon a school house was necessary and erected near to where the present school house stands, only on the opposite side of the concession.  The school house was built of logs.  The old tree witnessed the clearing of the site, the rearing of the building, the mothers preparing the children for school and the youngsters toddling off and the settlers taking shelter from the hot July sun while doing statute labour.  About 1840 the once unbroken forest assumed the appearance of farm land.  New houses and barns were erected and during the winter months the sound of the flail was heard in the barn from early morning until darkness while in the home the hum of the spinning wheel was heard accompanied by the steady beat of a woman’s feet as she walked backward and forward drawing out and twisting the thread and running it on the spindle.

One hot August day as Nat McLenaghan and George McFarlane were resting under the old elm, Nat became reminiscent and told George the story of how he crossed at Oliver’s Ferry.  Lighting an ancient clay pipe he began, “I got to the ferry where a man with a birch bark canoe was ready to take me across for a small sum.  I agreed.  He told me to jump in.  Being nimble on my feet I skipped into the canoe which as readily slipped from under me and I fell into the water.  I could not swim so I clenched the water with mighty force but every clench I took it slipped.  I managed to get to the shore and immediately armed myself with stones which I hurled at the head of the canoe man as I thought he had fully intended to drown me.  He assured me of his innocence and his sorrow, advising me not to be so rash when getting into a canoe.  I took his advice and on the second attempt I was quickly taken across.”  The old elm recorded it as another instance of the green Irishman.

On the register in the almost forgotten school are the names of McLenaghan, McFarlane, McIlquham, Culbertson, Cook, Cunningham, Brown, Hunter, Echlin and Finlayson are found in profusion.  While in these families triplets were unknown yet we know that the first school house had to give way to a much larger building to accommodate the ever growing community.  Families of one or two children were a rarity while the ordinary family consisted of 9, 10 or 11.

In time, new names were at the head of households.  Looking over the list of more than a half century ago, the old elm finds the names of John McLaren, William McFarlane, Ed. McLenaghan, Charles McLenaghan, William Cunningham, James Cunningham, Dick Haley, William Cuthbertson, J.K. McIlquham, John Watson, Archibald McTavish, J.S. Tullis, William Tullis, Henry Echlin, William McIlquham, Wat. McIlquham, Dick Hawkins, J. Hunter, Bob Finlayson, John McFarlane, James McFarlane, Ed Rathwell, J. Hudson and others; names were dimmed by the passing years.  All had inherited the sturdy frames of their fathers and were schooled to meet obstacles with determination.

The second school house was too small and new quarters were demanded.  Duncan McGregor reared the third school house to comply.  The roof was covered by hand made shingles, the floor of boards and it boasted four windows.  A platform ran along part of the north side and over the platform was a black board made of pine boards painted black.  The desks were hand made of pine, strongly built but the tops often gave way to the sturdy jack knife.

Peter McIlquham and James McLenaghan of Drummond vividly recall their early childhood school days.  They tell of the games played, the pranks performed, the fights in the school yard, the reading, the writing, the arithmetic, the hickory stick.  The old schools are clear in their memories particularly the second school which they attended.  The floor of sided logs with gaping cracks filled with bread crumbs invited the rats to dine upon the refuse.  How often would their eyes fill with tears when they dropped the slate pencil and it would disappear between the logs on the floor to fraternize with the rats.  Slates were precious and all exercises were worked on them, the exercises being ushered into oblivion by means of spittal and the coat sleeve.  Some of the early teachers were:  Chrisholm, Cameron, Reynolds, Morgan, Long, Gilespie, York, Stone, Wiley, Thompson and Comrie(?).  They were of the old school—rank and fearless—and they always kept to the proverb “spare the rod and spoil the child”.

The registers of the third school contain the names of a later date.  Many of these have passed from the scene of action.  We find the names of Bill Selton; Eddie, Arthur and Alice Cuthbertson; Ettie, Annie and William Cunningham; Jack, Janet, Bill and George Echlin; Sinclair and Jessie Craig; Tom McCaffrey; William May; George McIlquham;  Jack, Jessie and Dave McIlquham; Mary, Alex, Bill, Wallace, Laura and Eva McLaren; Bob, Kate, Tom, John, Edwin, Fred and Minnie McFarlane; John A., Clara and Ida McFarlane; Dick, Bill, Fred and Kate Hawkins; Ned, Lizzie and Janet Hunger; J. Stevens, Joe Hudson; William Lambert, and others whose names were dim.

Some of the teachers were:  Gibson, Doherty, Thompson, Cunningham, Graham, McFarlane, Robertson, Kerr, McEwen, and McCue.

These are some of the names of the teachers and students of the third school of many years ago, replaced by a more modern building on a new site on McLenaghan’s farm but still bears the name of McIlquham’s school.  The fourth school was built by Connors and Legary and stands in strong contrast to the former buildings.  It is modern in every respect and is a concrete monument to the memory of F.L. Mitchell, late inspector of the public schools in Lanark County.




*Photo–Back Row, L to R: Walter Leach, Bob Richardson, Russell Munroe, Royden Armstrong, Tommy Armstrong, George McLenaghen, Harold McLenaghen,George Stedman, Austin McLenaghen, Isobel Livingston, Olive Blair, Carrie Armstrong, Edith Livingstone, Gladys Stedman, Hilda Murphy, and Lena James (teacher).
Front Row, L to R: Bert Andison, Harry McLenaghen, Leslie Andison, Frank Armstrong, Elmer Leach, Irving Kerr, Mary Andison, Edith Livingstone, Mary Frizell, Unknown, Anna Armstrong, Matilda McLenaghen, Sadie Kerr.

For more reading go to:

Ladies & Gentlemen- Your School Teachers of Lanark County 1898

This is from the One Room Schoohouse–click here for more info

U.S.S. No. 1 Drummond & No. 1 North Elmsley

This brick school was built on land purchased from a Mr. Acheson, William Imeson (Lot 20 Con. 10) and R.A. Wilson.  The Merry Makers, a local club, raised money for playground equipment and the installation of electricity.  Pearl Richardson was the first teacher in 1914, and Norma Devlin was the last in 1967.

U.S.S. No. 2 Drummond & No. 4 North Elmsley
McTavish’s School

When the first log schoolhouse burned down about 1840, Alex McTavish donated land for a schoolhouse across the road from Lot 12 Concession 1 Drummond.  In 1940, the school won first prize for the Improvement of Local Schools in Lanark County.

S.S. No. 3 Drummond
James’s School

The original school was built in 1854 on W1/2 Lot Con. 2 Beckwith.  In 1867, the teacher was Mary Ann Conn.  The second school was built by Benjamin James for $650 in 1873.  Mrs. Dorothy Cavanaugh was the last teacher in 1967.  It burned down and no longer exists.

U.S.S. No. 4 Drummond & No. 1 Beckwith

The first schoolhouse was built in the 1820s at Gillies’ Corners on Lot 3 Con. 2 Beckwith.  A white brick building replaced it in 1881 until 1966.  Donald Conboy was the last teacher.

S.S. No. 5 Drummond

S.S. No. 5 Drummond was the first log school in the township, built in 1817 with cedar shakes for the roof, on land owned by Thomas White.  Duncan McCormick was the first teacher.  In 1903, the school section was divided into numbers 6, 8 and 12.

U.S.S. No. 6 Drummond & No. 6 Bathurst

This union school was located at E1/2 Lot 24 Con. 4 Bathurst on land purchased from James White in 1874.  The first teacher was Sarah Lever and the last were Mr. Phillips Shirley Peters when the school closed in 1967.

U.S.S. No. 7 Drummond & No. 9 Bathurst
Armstrong’s Corners School

This school was originally built in 1820 on Lot 1 Cons. 6 Bathurst.  It became a union school with No. 9 Bathurst on Lot 25 Con. 6 Bathurst sometime before 1890.  A third school was built across the road in 1952 before it closed for good in 1967.

S.S. No. 8 Drummond
Wayside or Hogan’s School

The first school on this site existed in 1842.  Ralph Davidson built the second school in 1872.  Annie Mary Enright came from Ireland to be the first teacher with a salary of $200.  In 1867, Letitia Murphy instructed.  William Spence won L.H. James Gold Medal for have the highest marks in the Perth Collegiate Grade 8 Entrance Exams in 1937.  Mrs. Gladys Thomas was the educator when the school closed in 1968.

S.S. No. 9 Drummond
McPhail’s or Code’s School

James Code owned Lot 16 Con. 3 on Tennyson Road where the first log school was built.  John H. Flemming was the teacher in 1867.  In 1875, land was purchased for the second log school on another part of the lot from for $50.  A brick building was erected in 1916 with a basement, furnace and single seating for forty students.

U.S.S. No. 10 Drummond & No. 5 Beckwith

U.S.S. No. 10 Drummond & No. 5 Beckwith existed at Tennyson in 1874.  The school had a 30-foot well in 1877.  The school closed in 1966 and the children were bused to Caldwell School in Carleton Place.

S.S. No. 11 Drummond & S.S. N. 14 Bathurst
Balderson’s School

In 1820, Balderson’s School was the union school S.S. No. 11 Drummond & S.S. No. 14 Bathurst at Balderson’s Corners on Lot 1 Con. 8 Drummond.  In 1868, an unused Orange Hall was purchased for $525 and moved across the street.  It served as the only two-room school in Drummond Township until 1968.

S.S. No. 12 Drummond
McGarry’s School

McGarry’s School was built on Lot 11 Con. 7 in the 1820s.  Peter McGarry sold some property for the second log school in 1873.  Twelve years later the teacher, Miss C. Sinclair, had maple trees planted on Arbour Day that still exist today.  Joyce Widenmaier won the public speaking contest and had the highest standing for the Grade 8 Entrance Exam in 1942.  Richard Shaw won the public speaking contest for Lanark County in 1966.  Mrs. Laura Ireton Thompson was the last teacher when the school closed in 1968.

S.S. No. 13 Drummond
Flintoff’s School

The first log school, built in 1818, burnt down and a second one was erected 1870 in Drummond Centre with Mr. Stewart as the teacher.  It was furnished with one blackboard, a sheepskin for an eraser and five maps on the walls.  Twelve students sat in two rows of pine planks.  Miss Winifred McRostie was the last teacher in 1929.  Next, a modern brick building boasted a library, teacher’s room, two cloakrooms, hot-air furnace, flush toilets, pump room and play area.  Start student, Roy Warner won the T. Eaton Co. Cup as Champion Pupil at the Drummond Rural School Fair, the Drummond Centre Women’s Institute prize for highest marks in arithmetic and composition, and the Lawrence James Gold Medal for  the highest marks for the Entrance Exams in Lanark West and.  In 1952, Mildred Stead Munro taught there for $1700 a year.  Mrs. Carmel Fergusson was the last teacher in 1968 when the school closed.


U.S.S. No. 14 Drummond & No. 10 Beckwith  Scotch Corners School

About 1830, the union school, U.S.S. No. 14 Drummond and No. 10 Beckwith, was constructed with logs on Colin King’s property at Lot 2 Con. 10 Beckwith.  Forty-two years later, Charles Stewart and his son, Don, built a framed structure beside the old school on land given by William Dowdall.  They installed a well and pump in 1895.  History records Miss Conn as the first teacher of Scotch Corners School and Lois Pretty as the last teacher in 1966.

S.S. No. 15 Drummond – McIlquaham School
2397 10th Concession, McIlquaham-Blair Side Rd., Lanark

Blair’s great grandfather, George McIlquham, donated the land for S.S. No. 15 Drummond in 1840.  The first log building was eventually torn down and a rough lumber structure erected, but it was too small for the growing community and the site was wet and muddy, so a brick building was built across the road on Chas Campbell’s farm.  The Maple Leaf Literary Society donated a 6-shelf library in 1915 and in 1925 chemical closets were installed inside the school.  Various items were purchased over the years with money made at annual Christmas concerts, including a victrola, a teacher’s chair, a basketball, a water cooler, an aquarium with five goldfish, and a first aid kit. In 1948, electric lights were installed and a well was drilled.  The school was finally closed in 1965 and is now a private residence owned by André Messier.

S.S. No. 16 Drummond
Prentice’s School

 In 1867, the teacher was Agnes Forgie.

S.S. No. 17 Drummond
Innisville School

 In 1867, the teacher was Andrew Patterson.

S.S. No. 18 Drummond
Ralston’s School

In 1867, the teacher was Melissa Smith.

Come and visit the Lanark County Genealogical Society Facebook page– what’s there? Cool old photos–and lots of things interesting to read.

Information where you can buy all Linda Seccaspina’s books-You can also read Linda in Hometown News and now in The Townships Sun

The McPhails of Drummond Township



Stone house in Drummond township.

McPhail Post Village While not officially a hamlet or village today, McPhail was listed as a post village in the Business Directory of 1884. McPhail, Donald McPhail was the postmaster and cheesemaker.

The MacPhails—County Pioneers

Perth Courier, December 8, 1966

The MacPhail farm in Drummond Township is unique in many ways.  Firstly, the 250 acre farm has been in the family for over a century.  Secondly, at present, three generations of MacPhails call the 250 acre plot of land their home.

The 143 year history of the farm had a simple beginning.  In 1824 Donald MacPhail was one of the early settlers in the Perth region, purchasing a plot of land on the road south of the present day Tennyson.  That was the beginning.  That 1824 deed is still in the registry in the office at Perth.

Donald MacPhail tilled the soil for 40 years and in 1864, upon his death, the farm was passed to his son Peter MacPhail.  Peter MacPhail during his tenure as owner, built the present MacPhail house from rock quarried right on the farm.  That was in 1886.  This sturdy structure served as the first post office for the settlements of Wayside, MacPhail, Tennyson and Richmond until the postal building was moved to its present location.


Norma and Mac McPhail

In 1947, the present owner, Robert G. MacPhail, took over the reins of the farm.  Robert MacPhail the grandson of the original owner, is still running the farm.  As previously stated, there are three generations of MacPhails presently residing on the Drummond township property.  The Robert MacPhails (Mrs. MacPhail is the former Doris Croskery) occupy one farm house.  The second dwelling is occupied by Robert’s son Malcolm MacPhail and his wife Norma (Cullen) and two grandchildren.  If that was not enough, a nephew, Donald MacPhail also lives on the farm in an adjacent house.

The MacPhail farm today is a reminder of the past.  There is a building still standing that was one of the first cheese factories in the area, if not the first.  Records on the subject are somewhat vague but it is known that Donald MacPhail was a cheese maker in the building for a short time after he had built the farm.  The stone fire place belonging to the first dwelling built on the land still stands to this day.

Mrs. Robert MacPhail’s aunt Jane Munro will be 104 years old next March.



Author’s Note– Land Deeds—SW1/2 andNE 1/2 Lot 14 Con 3 on April 21, 1824. Mac and Norma McPhail lived on W1/2 Lot 14 Con 3

Perth Courier, Dec. 14, 1888

Mr. Donald G. McPhail, Drummond, has been elected one of the V.P.’s of the Alma Mater Society of Queen’s University, Kingston.

Author’s Note— Land Deed was: SW1/2 andNE 1/2 Lot 14 Con 3 on April 21, 1824. Mac and Norma McPhail lived on W1/2 Lot 14 Con 3

December 28,1888

Queen’s University, Kingston, has sent home for the holidays the following students:  Miss Annie Campbell; Donald G. McPhail of Drummond; Samuel Wilson of the Scotch Line; E.J. Macnee of Drummond; W. G Grey of Bathurst; W. S. Wilson of Bathurst

S.S. No. 9 Drummond
McPhail’s or Code’s School

James Code owned Lot 16 Con. 3 on Tennyson Road where the first log school was built.  John H. Flemming was the teacher in 1867.  In 1875, land was purchased for the second log school on another part of the lot from for $50.  A brick building was erected in 1916 with a basement, furnace and single seating for forty students.

Perth Courier, Feb. 27, 1891

Cockfield—Died, at Perth on Saturday morning, 21st Feb., Christina McPhail Cockfield, relict of the late Mr. Joseph Cockfield, aged 78

On Thursday of last week Mrs. Joseph Cockfield was seized with an attack of paralysis at the dinner table and so severe was the stroke that she never rallied and on Saturday morning death came to her relief.  The deceased, whose maiden name was Christina McPhail, was born in Perthshire, Scotland in 1812 and came to Canada with her parents in 1817 settling in Drummond.  In 1832 she married the late Duncan McDonald, also a native of Perthshire, Scotland.  Since that time they lived in this town.  Her husband died in 1861.  About ten years ago she married Joseph Cockfield whom she survived by a few years.  The deceased was a sister of Donald McPhail of Drummond and though years ago the family was a large one only one now survives.  Mrs. Cockfield was a member of St. Andrews Presbyterian Church and her remains were buried in the family plot in the old burying ground belonging to the congregation.

Perth Courier, Sept. 25, 1891

Wilson—Died, at his father’s residence on the 7th Concession Drummond on the 12th Sept., Andrew William Wilson, 4th son of Mr. George Wilson, aged 21.

37 years ago Findlay McCormick left the 7th Line Drummond and settled in the County of Perth, Ontario.  He rose into prominence in his locality and was for a time Reeve of the township of Hibbert in that county.  He died on Friday last of cancer at the age of 64 and his remains were brought to this town and interred in the old Presbyterian burying ground beside the almost forgotten bones of his long dead friends there whose resting places are marked by tombstones placed many years ago.  The burial of Mr. McCormick took place on Sunday afternoon last and 6 of his old neighbors acted as pallbearers:  Messrs. John Sinclair, William McGarry, Donald McLaren, D.D. Campbell, Donald McPhail, John Bothwell.  The deceased never married and lived with his sister who survives him.  Mr. A.C. Jones of Stratford, who left Pike Falls 25 years ago and has married a niece of the deceased, brought the body down.

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