Tag Archives: drugs

Remedies and Drugstores 1918

Remedies and Drugstores 1918

 - The Winnipeg Tribune
Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
12 Oct 1918, Sat  •  Page 9





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The Winnipeg Tribune
Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
24 Sep 1918, Tue  •  Page


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Myths of History — Germs From a German U Boat Began Spanish Flu 1918

Spanish Flu 1918– Swine May Have to Wear Masks

Stanley Cup Called Off by the Spanish Flu 1919

Spanish Influenza in Lanark County from the Perth Courier — Names Names

Hey Even Journalists Can be Sick! Influenza 1918

More Family Names– Death by Influenza

Death by Influenza 1918- Any Names you Recognize?

They Lived and Died in Lanark County

What was Puking Fever? Child Bed Fever?

Think the Smallpox issue on Outlander was far fetched?

Smallpox in Carleton Place — Did You Know?

The Great White Plague

Then and Now –Ya Wanna Get High?

Then and Now –Ya Wanna Get High?

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This is your photo of the day sent to me by Tammy Marion– The poster swore it was NOT photo shopped. What say you? Linda always believes the McNeelys… As Gary Box said: “Trust the McNeelys to always be thinking ahead”

Xurk Mcneely posted the photo on Facebook
March 18 at 12:47 PM ·
Lanark 1880 back before it was illegal ..


Tweed in Smiths Falls-Since 2014, they’ve been producing high-quality cannabis products for tens of thousands of Canadians.


Over 4.3 million square feet of indoor and greenhouse cultivation space in Canada, and have partnered with experts in the industry, international growers, and more.


Did you know..—photo 1905. your Canadian fact of the day.. Hemp was grown throughout the western and central provinces of Canada well before confederation. It is known that hemp was grown under the French regime, and was the first crop to be subsidized by government. In 1801, the Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada distributed hemp seeds to farmers. Edward Allen Talbot, Esq., while living in the Canadas during the 1820s wrote “Five Years’ Residence in the Canadas”. Talbot wrote that if Canada produced enough hemp to supply Britain, this would end their dependence on a foreign power and greatly benefit Canadian settlers. In 1822, the provincial parliament of Upper Canada allocated £300 for the purchase of machinery to process hemp and £50 a year over three years for repairs. The 1923 budget offered incentives to domestic producers. Mr. Fielding, finance minister said that there was a market in Canada and with some government encouragement a mill could be established in Manitoba to draw from crops in the vicinity. There were six hemp mills in Canada at the time, and the government financed a seventh, the Manitoba Cordage Company.


 Tweed- it’s about more than just growing seeds into plants. It’s about starting a conversation and opening minds to fresh perspectives. And, perhaps most of all, it’s about becoming a part of the fabric of every neighbourhood that welcomes



Mother plants- they are constantly working to refine well-known strains from around the world, while also breeding proprietary genetics.


  • Hemp fact number 1
    It was legal to pay taxes with hemp in America from 1631 until the early 1800s. Hemp was not the only crop a person could use for paying taxes. Tobacco, cotton, lumber and alcohol have all been used as currency in the United States as well. The reason for making it legal tender was to encourage farmers to grow more. You could then pay your taxes with cannabis hemp throughout America for over 200 years.
  • Hemp fact number 2
    At one time hemp was legal. Not only was it legal, the law required the growing of it. In fact, refusing to grow hemp in America during the 17th and 18th centuries was actually against the law. You could be jailed in Virginia for refusing to grow hemp from 1763 to 1769. Imagine that.
  • Hemp fact number 3
    The first crop to grow in many American states was industrial hemp. 1850 was a peak year for Kentucky, producing 40,000 tons. Hemp was the largest cash crop until the 20th century. With 80% of all textiles, fabrics, clothes, linen, drapes, bed sheets, etc., being made from hemp, it was one of the hottest crops for farmers to grow.
Photos were shot in Tweed in Smiths Falls– Click here for their site
Image result for tweed logo png


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three-hemp-drying-photos-taken_1_00fc788a87cf2ff68a11b01fc2761c2b (1).jpg


Before the TWEED plant was the Hershey Chocolate Factory




NOW They are still making edibles:)


Come on in!!!






The Menasha Record
Menasha, Wisconsin
31 May 1912, Fri  •  Page 3



The Windsor Star
Windsor, Ontario, Canada
29 Jan 1894, Mon  •  Page 3



Calgary Herald
Calgary, Alberta, Canada
05 Feb 1918, Tue  •  Page 15

Come and visit the Lanark County Genealogical Society Facebook page– what’s there? Cool old photos–and lots of things interesting to read. Also check out The Tales of Carleton Place and The Tales of Almonte






    Things were a lot fancier than today. In the United States and Europe, the use of cannabis resin and tinctures was associated with orientalism, a romantic notion of the exotic lands of the East, where exotic people did exotic things, while dressed in exotic silks and eating exotic foods. It was completely over the top.

    Around 1854, Fitz-Hugh Ludlow, a student at Union College in Schenectady, New York purchased a Tilden & Company’s Indian Hemp Extract from his local apothecary. This cannabis tincture was claimed to fight off everything from rabies to tetanus. Ludlow had read of “hasheesh eaters” in a popular magazine account written by Bayard Taylor in Putnam’s Magazine. Young Ludlow started consuming massive amounts of this drug, and found himself hallucinating Silk Road palaces filled with panjandrums right there in upstate New York. In his own words,

    “from Greece to farthest China, lay within the compass of a township; no outlay was necessary for the journey. For the humble sum of six cents I might purchase an excursion ticket over all the earth; ships and dromedaries, tents and hospices were all contained in a box of Tilden’s extract.”

    Yes, he was so high that he was hallucinating ships and camels… what they call “Johnny Cash eating cake in a bush” high.

     No photos of Ludlow exist LOLOL



The Savoy Medicinal Truffle at Pattie’s Drugstore




Photos from the Carleton Place and Beckwith Heritage Museum


The Kickapoo Indian Medicine Company, founded in 1881 by John E. “Doc” Healy, “Texas Charlie” F. Bigelow, and “Nevada Ned” Oliver, took their cure-all pitch on the road. Based in New Haven, Connecticut, the company hired hundreds of Native Americans, said to be of the Kickapoo tribe, to tour America and Europe, teaching “Indian ways” and peddling its medicines. The names of their travelling salesmen can be seen on the registry of the Queen’s Hotel from the late 1800s which is at the Carleton Place and Beckwith Heritage Museum



More and more remedy-makers began to put on their own elaborate medicine shows, like Big Sensation Medicine Company and Hamlin Wizard Oil of Chicago, which came to town with a circus-like ruckus—its caravan of wagons was led by a band.

In fact, medicine shows were major events in the towns they visited. With live skits, music, juggling, acrobatics, feats of magic, sword swallowing, and ventriloquism, it was the most excitement most places would see for months. Some shows even travelled with their own flea circus or sideshow-freak acts. Stores would close, children were allowed to skip school, and residents would don their Sunday best.


Of course, the main event was always the pitch for bottled treatments such as Professor Low’s Liniment & Worm Syrup, Dalley’s Magical Pain Extractor, Dr. Kilmer’s Swamproot, Hood’s Sarsaparilla, Wistar’s Balsam of Wild Cherry, Dr. King’s New Discovery, Edgar’s Cathartic Confection, and Schenck’s Mandrake Pills.

Many travelling “doctors” with dubious credentials knew how to create the illusion that such products worked. They would rub an arthritic’s afflicted arm or foot until the pain seemed to dull. They understood that washing out earwax improved anyone’s hearing. Some even distributed pills filled with long pieces of string so the taker would appear to expel tapeworms in their stool. Often, the medicine company would place a shill in the audience, who would pretend to be sick and claim the treatment had worked a miracle.

Toward the end of the century, the American public, fed up with being scammed by these peddlers, took to campaigning against what Collier’s magazine dubbed, in 1905, “The Great American Fraud.” Families were also concerned about the effects of alcohol and narcotics like opium on their children. Around the same time, the Germ Theory of Disease, validated by the 19th-century research of Louise Pasteur and Robert Koch, was becoming widely accepted in the practice of medicine. All of this eventually led to the Pure Food and Drug Act of 1907.

Related Reading

Who was the “Drugstore Woman” in Asselstine’s Rexall?

I Will Take Some Opium to Go Please —The “Drug Dispensary” at the Chatterton House Hotel

What the Heck was Electric Soap? Chatterton House Hotel Registrar

Do You Know Where Mary Cook Once Worked?

Before and After in Carleton Place — Mac Williams and The Good Food Co




This ointment tin from the early 20th century was just added to our to the Carleton Place and Beckwith Heritage Museum’s collection! The tin was manufactured by MacDonald MFG Ltd in Toronto and it contained a mixture of mercurial ointment and petroleum jelly.
We have little information on what year it was manufactured and what the ointment may have been used for specifically. If you recognize this design or have more information, please let us know!


On this date in 1927, Prime Minister Mackenzie King and British Prime Minister Baldwin inaugurated a transatlantic telephone service between Canada and Great Britain.

This Northern Electric telephone was used in Asselstine’s RexallDrugstore, which was located at the corner of Bridge and Franklin Streets. Carleton Place and Beckwith Heritage Museum


Thanks to Christoper Trotman and family- from their Grandparents that once lived at 244 William st.

Dec 1933 Careton Place Gazette

Just Another Day in Druggie Paradise


Thursday, February 24th, 2012 

    From the inside looking out 


“I don’t do drugs. I am drugs.”

Salvador Dalí


“Selling my soul would be a lot easier if I could just find it.”

Nikki SixxThe Heroin Diaries: A Year In The Life Of A Shattered Rock Star


“A drug is not bad. A drug is a chemical compound. The problem comes in when people who take drugs treat them like a license to behave like an asshole.”

Frank ZappaThe Real Frank Zappa Book


“I loved when Bush came out and said, ‘We are losing the war against drugs.’

You know what that implies? There’s a war being fought, and the people on drugs are winning it.”
Bill Hicks


“Some of us look for the way in opium and some in God, some of us in whisky and some of us in love. It is all the same way and it leads nowhither.”
W. Somerset MaughamThe Painted Veil


“I don’t use drugs, my dreams are frightening enough.”

M.C. Escher


What do we say? What do we do?

Linda Seccaspina


“Drugs are a waste of time. They destroy your memory and your self-respect and everything that goes along with your self esteem.”
Kurt Cobain

Photos by Linda Seccaspina 2012 – San Francisco Chronicle– Berkeleyside

Buy Linda Secaspina’s Books— Flashbacks of Little Miss Flash Cadilac– Tilting the Kilt-Vintage Whispers of Carleton Place and 4 others on Amazon or Amazon Canada or Wisteria at 62 Bridge Street in Carleton Place

I Will Take Some Opium to Go Please —The “Drug Dispensary” at the Chatterton House Hotel



More stories from the Desk Books of The Chatterton House Hotel (Queen’s Hotel) Carleton Place from the Carleton Place and Beckwith Heritage Museum

Part 1- Tales of the Chatteron House Corset — Queen’s Hotel in Carleton Place- can be found here.

Part 2- Hell on Wheels at Lady Chatterton’s Hotel in Carleton Place– can be found here.


Today it’s hard to believe, but in early and mid to late 1800’s it was possible to walk into a drugstore or a hotel and buy, without prescription, laudanum, cocaine, and even arsenic. Opium preparations were also sold freely in town, halls, and in the countryside by travelling hawkers. The travelling salesmen, which were many that frequented the Chatterton House Hotel in Carleton Place, often sold their wares through the front desk help for those who needed it.


Drugs were brought to town from every corner of the country and the amount of opium sales were particularly staggering. Dangerous drugs were commonly used for making home remedies, and less frequently as a recreation for the bored and alienated people. The recreational use of opiates was popular particularly with pre-Victorian and Victorian artists and writers.


There was no moral condemnation of the use of opiates, and their use was not regarded as addiction but rather as a habit in the Victorian period. Until the end of the nineteenth century few doctors and scientists warned about the dangers of drug addiction.


The most popular opium derivative was laudanum, a tincture of opium mixed with wine or water. Laudanum, called the ‘aspirin of the nineteenth century,’ was widely used in Victorian households as a painkiller, recommended for a broad range of ailments including cough, diarrhea, rheumatism, ‘women’s troubles’, cardiac disease and even delirium.


The first photo has a prescription for Milton Teskey. Here is a little background on him below.


Teskeyville At Apple Tree Falls

On the strength of attractive natural assets and the initial enterprise of three Teskey brothers, a small community developed in the next thirty years, known for a time as Teskeyville and as Appleton Falls.  With a population of about seventy five persons by the mid-fifties, it contained Joseph Teskey’s grist mill, Robert Teskey’s sawmill equipped with two upright saws and a public timber slide, Albert Teskey’s general store and post office, Peter and John F. Cram’s tannery, and two blacksmith shops, William Young’s tailor shop and a wagon shop.  A foundry and machine shop was added before 1860, when the village grew to have a population of three hundred.  Albert Teskey, a younger brother who lived to 1887, also engaged in lumbering and became reeve of Ramsay township.  A flour mill in a stone building erected in 1853 by Joseph Teskey below the east side of the Appleton Falls was operated after his death in 1865 by his son Milton.  It was sold in 1900 to H. Brown & Sons, Carleton Place flour millers and suppliers of electric power, and resold several years later to Thomas Boyd Caldwell (1856-1932) of Lanark, then Liberal member of Parliament for North Lanark, a son of the first Boyd Caldwell who had owned a large sawmill at Carleton Place.

Photos by Linda Seccaspina

Hell on Wheels at Lady Chatterton’s Hotel in Carleton Place


Part 1- Tales of the Chatteron House Corset — Queen’s Hotel in Carleton Place- can be found here.

Sensitive subject read at your own risk


During the Victorian era you had the medical and moral community who actually opposed the use of condoms as STDs were seen as punishment for having sex out of wedlock. On top of that, by the early 1800’s condoms cost $1 to buy. Remember that in that era a dollar was a lot of money, for some folks it could be a quarter of a days pay. Most items were valued in terms of cents, even by the time of the Old West. So a dollar was closer to what fifty dollars or even a hundred dollars is today. How would you like to pay $50 for just one condom? If you were paying a quarter of what you make in a day you weren’t going to just go and buy another each time you used one, you’d go bankrupt fast if you were sleeping around a lot. The rubber condom would drop the cost to six to twelve dollars during the last twenty-five years of the 19th century, making it more affordable but still, you had the moral crusaders of the day to contend with. 


Then there was douching, which had been around since before the 1830’s as newspaper ads from the 1830’s include ads for what was called a female syringe. This was made up of chemicals such as alum or sulfates of zinc or iron. .


Doctors used arsenic and mercury to treat syphilis before the introduction of penicillin in the 1940s.

One company sold heroin tablets to relieve asthma symptoms.

Old medicines and antique urinals? 

Cocaine drops for toothache came on the market after doctors discovered its pain-relieving qualities. One Belgian company even promoted cocaine throat lozenges as “indispensable for singers, teachers and orators.” Dentists and surgeons also used cocaine as an anesthetic.

While doctors of the late 1800’s considered these drugs legitimate, a whole range of shady patent medicines, sometimes called “nostrums,” also flourished during that period.! People bought nostrums from traveling medicine shows, and the cures beckoned boldly from billboards and newspaper and magazine ads. “You couldn’t get away from them,” Whorton says. “They were inescapable.”


Also, as the state of legitimate medicine evolved, new cures replaced the old. When doctors began treating syphilis with penicillin, a grateful generation was spared the toxic effects of arsenic and mercury, including inflammation of the gums, destruction of the teeth and jaws, and organ damage. Opium and other addictive drugs also fell by the wayside once scientists realized their pitfalls. Novocain replaced its predecessor, cocaine, as an anesthetic.WEB MD

The Photos are of actual prescriptions from The Chatterton House (Queen’s Hotel) Carleton Place. The majority are prescription forms or handwritten scraps issued by local physicians Richard F. Preston and Matthew A. McFarlane. Local druggists were: City Dispensary,W.S. Robertson, McEwen’s Drug Store and Muirhead’s Drug Store. When  Peter Prosser Salter was owner of The Chatterton Hotel for a few years and it appears Salter had hired a desk clerk who perhaps also engaged as well in the druggist field.

Photos from the The Chatteron House Register from The Carleton Place and Beckwith Heritage Museum

Dr.Preston Was in the House — The Case of the Severed Foot

Reefer Madness at Carleton Place High School


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Mike Gillespie, former reporter for the Ottawa Journal wrote about a desperate drug problem that hit Carleton Place in December of 1969. It was said that at least 50% of the town’s youth population used or trafficked narcotics. Some 70 students and random youth of Carleton Place were interviewed. Citizens were concerned that the percentages might even climb higher if something was not done.

The local police denied there was a problem, but local United Church minister Ken Murray said the town was fighting a losing battle.

“Parents refuse to believe it exists and are ignoring the whole situation,” said Murray.

Constable Herb Cornell said he had heard the rumours, but again denied there was an issue in town. Only 16 out of 70 students admitted they were clueless about drugs. The majority said they not only knew about drugs, but could name pushers that frequented the Valley. According to the article even elementary school children were involved in drugs. A 13-year-old pupil from Caldwell admitted she smoked pot and knew 15 to 20 other youngsters doing the same.

Principal C. J. Dawon of CPHS was ‘aware’ of the issue and was beginning a new program for the students on the impact of drug use. Students insisted there were four hard-core pushers at school. The local minister was organizing a fight to save the drug using youth of Carleton Place. A public meeting to discuss drugs within the community was held a month later. It was noted that an expert on drugs was expected to talk at the proposed meeting.

Principal K. R Sweeny of Almonte High School had heard the rumours of drug use by students but said,

“Almonte students are the best in the word and I doubt there will ever be a real problem here.”

According to the local police force there had been no reports or record of arrests, or convictions, either for possession or the trafficking drugs of ‘day trippers’ in Carleton Place.


This is what I LOVE best about doing this. A real face to words.

M Terry Kirkpatrick author of the “Letter to the Editor commented on The Carleton Place Social Scene:

Here’s a little bit of history from the human mind involved in that event (“drug use” hysteria 1969) I always felt badly that the author of that letter to the editor, local biologist and author Paul Keddy, was NOT credited, and instead it was credited to me (though it was true that I was Head Boy at the time – would be called President or Vice-president of the Student Council today, as my cousin, Mary Wilson, was Head Girl) who only lent my signature, along with several other students, all arranged by Paul in his outstanding effort to speak up for the “good guys”.

Time to Plant those Marijuana Crops? The Intervention of the Grow-Op Bears


Last night a helicopter flew over my house after dinner and it made me think of summer. Ahh, how I have missed the noise of their propellers and their big lights as they search for Marijuana fields hidden among the corn crops in Lanark County. In 2010 I wrote this story and it reminded me that we must also think of protecting our local bears from the evils of drugs. It seems I was 13 years ahead and could have written a movie about a bear on drugs.. Always a bridesmaid never a bride LOLOL

On July 30th,  2010 Canadian police officers made a routine drug raid in a remote area of British Columbia.

When the Police arrived 13 bears were guarding 2300 marijuana plants. The bears were pretty docile, and listening to the Grateful Dead while munching on blueberries, and chugging Molson Canadian beer.

Daily rations of dog food had been fed to them by the owners of the property, so they were there to stay. They actually welcomed the police with high fives and a traditional “Welcome eh?”

Being Canadian, they were extremely polite, and swore to the Police that none of them had inhaled.

No animals were harmed during the raid that included a pot-bellied pig and a raccoon that was taking a nap in one of the farmhouse’s bedrooms. The raccoon told them he was actually guarding the stash on the night table. He too was polite to the officers, and asked one of them,

“Hey man, are you going to eat those Cheetos?”

Upon exiting the farmhouse, the bears were found outside sharing Hostess potatoe chips and playing road hockey. The police were shocked to find a few familiar furry faces among the crowd of bears.
Out of work bears such as: Conan’s Masturbating Bear, and Yogi and Boo Boo were trying to hide their faces from the paparazzi that had followed the police.

Boo Boo was crying and told Yogi that he was afraid that the Jellystone National Park Ranger was also going to bust them if he found out. Yogi stood there with a dumb grin on his face and giggled,

“Don’t worry Boo Boo. I’m higher than the average bear!”

The Care Bears argued with the officers that they had used only medical marijuana and had a permission note from the local Veterinarian. The police attempted conversations with the bears, insisting they should consider applying to A&E’s show “Intervention”. The bears looked at the officers in jest and asked them,

“Does a bear smoke pot in the woods?”

In yesterday’s issue of “Toke of the Town” Jason Priestley of 90210 famehas vowed to save the BC Marijuana bears. Priestley and his parents have actually donated $1,250 of their own money to the cause.

“It’s one thing to have a petition and have a lot of really nice ideas and a warm, fuzzy response”, Priestley said. “We kind of figured somebody’s got to start putting up the money to either move the bears someplace where they’ll be safe or support a place where they’ll be safe.”


(Quote from Toke of the Town)

When asked if Priestly thought he had a good chance saving the bears he said,

“I’m just a student body president man, I am not Batman.” !
– Brandon Walsh 90210

Dorreen McCrindle started a Help Save the BC Bears Facebook page, and through a petition, has drawn hundreds of signatures to help save the bears.

Donate to the Help Save the BC Black Bears

Words by Linda Seccaspina 2010

Image by Canadian Press

Walking With Ghosts — The Witches of Rochester Street – Zoomer



Walking With Ghosts — The Witches of Rochester Street – Zoomer.