Tag Archives: 1800s

Two Ring Nozzles and Oil- Almonte Fire Dept 1874

Two Ring Nozzles and Oil- Almonte Fire Dept 1874

photo from almonte.com Almonte Firemen–Old Boys Reunion Volunteer Firemen

A humorous story about a trick pulled off by the Almonte firemen in a contest at Brockville in 1874, is told by Mr. Robert Young, 240 Fifth avenue, who was then a resident of Almonte. In 1874 the town of Almonte having secured a large new fire engine (hand pump), the amateur brigade decided to take part in a pumping contest at Brockville.

The new engine was larger and more up-to-date than any in the Ottawa district and great things were expected of it, particularly with the husky Almonte brigade of sixty men to man the pump. It appears that at that time the Almonters were an unusually husky lot. There was not a man of the sixty who did not tip the beam at over 200 pounds, while several went around the 240 pound mark.

The nozzle used with the new engine was a 2-ring nozzle which was something new then and had not heretofore been used in contests. Capt. J. S. Stephens expected that his use of the 2-ring nozzle might be questioned and prepared himself for the possibility by procuring a second 2-ring nozzle and blackening and scratching it up to look like an old nozzle.

It should be explained that a 2-ring nozzle had an advantage over a 1-ring nozzle, in that it caused a more solid and even stream to be thrown, thus causing the attainment of greater distance. In due time the Almonte brigade arrived at Brockville with their new engine gaily decorated and their men outfitted with fine new uniforms, making an imposing appearance. In front of the engine there was pulled bv the brigade a float decorated with evergreens and flags, setting forth the merit of Almonte as a community center or place to live.

It was the first time a brigade had attempted any propaganda, other than such as their prowess would bring, and the Idea was widely commented on. The engine and the float had been brought down on the St. Lawrence and Ottawa and Grand Trunk railways on a flat car. The people of Brockville took quite a fancy for the Almonte outfit and began to back them both morally and financially. It was Almonte’s first appearance at any contest, but the favorable Impression.

While the brigade were getting ready for the contest an American from “the Burgh” came up and said: “I like your boys and I want to give you a tip, which will help you. Before you start pumping pour a gallon of oil into your hose (rubber hose). It will make the water flow more easily. Keep it quiet though as there is nothing in the rules preventing you using oil, some of the other fellows might think you used oil.

The Almonte brigade gathered tightly around the man who was to pour the oil in. The crowd tried to find out what was going on around the Almonte engine, but did not. As soon as the oil was poured they revved up the old engine. It had so happened that the only sort of oil the Almonte men could get was what is known as engine oil of the black summer variety.

When the water came out it looked black, as though, it had come out of a mud puddle. “What dirty water!” the crowd said, but nobody, strange to say, suggested oil. Whether the oil caused the Almonte stream to go farther or whether the heavyweights of the team pumped more effectively is hard to say, but anyway the big Almonte team with their big new engine won, amid the cheers of the crowd.

Almonte got a great reception when they got home and the story now told was kept in the background for many years. Now you know the rest of the story!

The Almonte Mississippi Fire Dept. 1998

Things About Bill Lowry 1998

The Pig Vote of 1873

The Pig Vote of 1873


The Issue Was One of “Pig Pens or No Pig Pens.” There are various kinds of “votes” in the present day to which the astute civic politician lends a listening ear. But the aldermen of the seven ties had an additional “vote” to look after.

That was the “pig” vote.

In those days every third man or so, kept a pig or pigs. Those who did not like the noise or odor of the pigs and did not keep any, naturally raised a row about the keeping of pics within the city limits and filed petitions with the city council. But as such a large number of people kept pigs and had votes at election time, the Aldermen were not in any hurry to order the abolition of the pigs.

The Citizen of May 20, 1873. the following editorial paragraph appeared:

“The city fathers appear to be afraid of the ‘poor man’s pig.’ They would prefer to have a pestilence in the city and endorse the stinking nuisance under their bedroom windows rather than inconvenience the swine or lose the votes of their owners.”

However, in the 1880s the anti-pig citizens prevailed and the council passed a bylaw which provided that “between the 15th of May and the first of November, no hog shall be kept within the limits of the municipality except in pens 70 feet from Bny house, with floors kept free from any standing water and regularly cleansed and disinfected.” This clause automatically put a lot of pig pens out of existence as there were only a few lots sufficiently deep enough to permit of that distance from a dwelling. 

CLIPPED FROMThe British WhigKingston, Ontario, Canada11 Jun 1873, Wed  •  Page 2

The Daily Expositor
Brantford, Ontario, Canada
30 Aug 1873, Sat  •  Page 3

Ottawa Daily Citizen
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
05 Jul 1873, Sat  •  Page 1

Lanark County Pigs on the Wing

Carleton Place Board of Health Report — July 1899

Run Pig Run–Shake it Off! Convictions of 1870

When Pigs Fly or Bacon Up is Hard to Do

Tuesday’s Top Lanark County Story- Pigs in Dalhousie Space?

Auctionering Without a License and Pigs on the Loose

“I Like My Chicken Fryin’ Size” said the Pig

Lobster John and Arnold the Pig in Carleton Place

From Allan Ferguson to John Ferguson– Lanark to Montague–1850— thanks to Grant McFarlane and Melanie Johnston Mason

From Allan Ferguson to John Ferguson– Lanark to Montague–1850— thanks to  Grant McFarlane and  Melanie Johnston Mason

Thanks to Melanie Johnston Mason for sending and please note that Grant McFarlane in Lanark is the owner for credit purposes

The letter writer Alan, was writing about his father Thomas’ death which occured in 1846.The letter writer Allan also had a brother named Thomas and  this brother had a son named Alexander……And Alexander had a son named Allen. I am not related to the Ferguson’s but I have studied that lot, lot 26E, Concession III Dalhousie – and those are my findings thus far without delving into the genealogy of the family.

Info provided by: Melanie Mason – 

Dear Brother and Sister:

I received yours on the 17th of March. I was down in Lanark when I received you letter and on the way home, I was taken suddenly bad with pain in the stomach and bowels and in that state it was tight times with me to get the home of Hugh Hunter on the night of the 17th and on the 18th we found it prudent to send for Dr. Murray for we was afraid it was inflammation but on his arrival he dispelled that doubt for he said it was a windy colic and I am getting better. Mother and Mary is in some measure of health when I parted with them on the 19th, for Mother has been with Mary since the death of our Father and for a considerable time before it. Thomas came home from the shanty on the 17th of said month and he has not been very well since for I expect that it is the cold he has caught. You wanted to know if Thomas was at home the time of the storm. No. He was at the shanty, likewise you want to know all the particulars concerning the death of our Father.

He was at Hunters all the time of his illness. He, for 2 days after he arrived at Hugh’s, his throat swelled but the swelling fell immediately after and on the Wednesday before he died he was considerably better for he was reading at Chambers Journal more than the half of the day but on the day following he was much worse for he complained of stitches in his chest and body and on Friday he was still getting weaker and Friday night Hugh left home and came up to inform us that he was making worse and on Saturday morning Hugh and I left home to go down but to our great surprise when we arrived he was gone; a lifeless corpse so there was no person there but mother and Mary and the 2 children when he died., on the night of Friday after Hugh left home, he began to think that death was approaching but had no idea that it was so nigh at hand for he was quite and considerably composed. He would not lie in the bunk nor bed but to have his made at the fire. It was between 12 and 1 o’clock when Mother lay down to take little repose for she was tired out. Mary lay down with the children for they were both badly at the time and she spoke several to her Father but he give all at the times a sharp answer and Mother rose after Mary had spoken to him but he had drawn his last breath and this was about 2 o’clock in the morning and we removed his corpse home on the 1st of March and he was interred on the 2nd on the third line of Lanark beside his son James. We received a letter from Aunt Love on the 28th of February. John Love is in very poor health, likewise Aunt Taylor and there are some more particulars concerning Uncle Williams’ death and widow but I have not time at present to write them down. I wrote a letter——–this time a good way on to Mysena to (Jane) Telling her what has happened likewise I sent one to George (Sheare) and one to John Love and I was going to write to Uncle Nathanial but you informed me that you was going to write to him which will save me the trouble. I now commence to inform you that our Father died without making any will and you will be heir according to law; so I want an immediate settlement for Mr. D that is in Quebec, the creditors are pushing me pretty hard for it but I will keep them at bay till I get things settled so I only hope you will consider the matter and come up and we will make a definite settlement so I add no more at present so I remain your Brother until Death.   Alan Ferguson.

At bottom of letter written with different pen and ink and maybe by a different person, Allan Ferguson of Dalhousie 1850, John Ferguson, Thomas Ferguson, James Ferguson, Sarah Ferguson, Mary Ferguson, Jane Ferguson.

The original letter is in the possession of  Grant Davis McFarlane R.R. #1, Lanark, Ontario.

Mary is in the 1851 Census, age 70, living with her daughter Mary Ann and son-in-law Hugh Hunter. In 1861 she is back on her original homestead, living with her son Allan who has inherited the farm. The homestead has returned to forest and only a small excavation remains to show where the original house stood. Flowers and rhubarb still grow in the overgrown clearing. The St. James Ferguson Cemetery is located in the churchyard of the abandoned St. James Church on Concession Line 2 in Dalhousie.

Gloria Currie13 hours

Thanks, also to Amelia Jean ( Ferguson ) Allen, who transcribed the original letter, and to Lila McFarlane, who brought the original letter to her attention. This letter describes the death of Thomas Ferguson, who arrived ( from Scotland )with his wife, Mary Barr, and their children in 1821. It should be noted that the cemetery beside St. James Church is actually called the Ferguson Cemetery and the cemetery at the original Ferguson Homestead is the Thomas Ferguson Cemetery.

The Lanark Era
Lanark, Ontario, Canada
13 Dec 1911, Wed  •  Page 1

So Where was this Bridge? Melanie Johnston Mason Photos Ferguson Family

The Heirlooms- Ferguson Violin

Letters from Lanark–Thomas Ferguson and Mary Barr

The Story of Wild Bob Ferguson of Dalhousie Township

Alan Ferguson and Minni Maude McGonegal — Clyde Forks

Lanark County Medical Advice 1800s – Wear Earrings for a Sore Throat

Lanark County Medical Advice 1800s – Wear Earrings for a Sore Throat

An old gentleman of Scotch descent, born in Lanark County and living on Manitoulin Island, used the following procedure for the cure of wounds in animals: Three sweet-apple scions of different lengths are procured, and each rubbed three times all over the wound. They are then carried home by the operator of the cure, and subjected to some secret treatment there. It is said that, at any rate, no word- formula is used. At this stage of the treatment the cure can be made to progress either favorably or unfavorably, at will. It is said that the twigs will become pulverized after a while.

An important part of the cure is the diet and treatment of the animal, which must be fed on hot mash, oats, chip, and similar foods. It must be exercised daily and kept moving, especially if the wound is discharging, and must also be kept very clean. The wound must be washed well with warm water before the twigs are applied. The emphasis laid on the treat- ment before and after seems to suggest that the twigs might be dispensed with.

268. The same informant was believed to possess wonderful abilities in the matter of stopping hemorrhages. It was not necessary for him to be present in order to stop these. Some formula or scriptural quotation was employed.

269. The seventh son of the seventh son can stop hemorrhages, as can also the seventh son. (W.)

270. To stop nose-bleed, place a key or a coin on the back of the neck;1 or snuff the smoke from a puff-ball (Lycoperdon).

Also read-Oddities — Lanark County Puffball Mushrooms

271. An old-fashioned first-aid for wounds or bleeding was to apply a bunch of spiderwebs.

272. For bee-stings, apply some clay or mud. The bee is supposed to die after it stings one.

273. For sore eyes, wear earrings. This remedy was formerly frequently used by men.

Also read-Strange Folklore from Ontario –BIRTH AND CHILDHOOD

Two boys had a girl triend who lay dying of consumption. One evening the boys were returning home through the woods near Lanark. Quite suddenly, a little ahead of them, they saw their friend cross their path and disappear among the trees. They called her name, but she did not answer. On reaching home, they rushed into the kitchen, shouting, “Nellie is better! We saw her in the woods.” Great was their surprise to hear that Nellie had died an hour before.

Back in the 19th century, a cutting-edge new “treatment” for rheumatism was introduced on Australia’s southern coast: sitting inside a rotting whale carcass. It was believed that if a person stayed inside of the dead whale for 30 hours, they would be relieved of joint aches for up to 12 months. Clearly, there’s no scientific evidence to support the healing power of sitting inside of a dead whale, but it seems like people were desperate enough to actually try it.
Bloodletting is known as one of the oldest medical practices, dating back 3000 years to ancient Egypt. The procedure was common in medieval Europe to treat diseases such as smallpox, epilepsy, and plague. However, it didn’t end there. Bloodletting was commonly practiced throughout the 19th century, too, and is sometimes even used today. Towards the end of the 19th century, the treatment was discredited when doctors finally admitted that depleting the body’s blood supply can be risky and doesn’t have many valuable health benefits. Bloodletting puts a patient at risk of having a cardiac arrest, losing too much blood, and can cause dangerously low blood pressure, in addition to the possibility of infections and anemia.

Also read-Need “BLOOD-LETTING’? Head on Down to the Blacksmith!

Views of Ottawa— J Hope & Co. 1884 – Simpson Book Collection


From the Simpson Book Collection-Ed and Shirley’s Simpson –Historic Books — the List

12 panels printed in 1884 19th century leporello souvenir book of views of Ottawa together with its trifold booklet giving short descriptions of the views being of The Parliament Buildings, Library of Parliament, Western Block, Eastern Block, Lumber District, Chaudiere Falls, Suspension Bridge, Post Office, The Sapper’s and Dufferin Bridges, The City Hall, Knox Church, The Grand Union Hotel, Collegiate Institute, Normal School, Rideau Hall, Rideau Falls, The Ottawa Ladies College, The University of Ottawa, The Cathedrale de Notre Dame, The Dominion Methodist Church, and Lumber Slides. 

Can also be seen here CLICK in complete

I selected a few illustrations I had not seen yet.

Ed and Shirley’s Simpson –Historic Books — the List

Remember Lover’s Lane? Lover’s Walk? Les Chats Sauvage? Simpson Books

You Have to Open Up a Business Here!!! 1912 Ottawa Marketing — Simpson Books

Down on Main Street– 1911-Photos- For the Discriminating and the Particular — Simpson Books

The General Hospital 1867-1929 Photos — Simpson Books

Renfrew Fair 1953-1953-Ed and Shirley (Catherine) Simpson

Did You Know? Union School #9 and Goulburn #16

When One Boat Filled the Rideau Lock–Rideau King

Women’s Institute Burritts Rapids 1902-1988

Looking for Photos of ‘The Castle’ in Ashton

A Romantic Story of the Founding Of Burritt’s Rapids

The First Half Century of Ottawa Pictorial McLeod Stewart – Simpson Book Collection


Ottawa, The Capital of the Dominion of Canada 1923 Simpson Book Collection

Views Of Ottawa (Aylmer) Basil Reid 1890-1900 Simpson Book Collection – Photos Photos Photos

The Ottawa City Directory 1897-98 —Simpson Book Collection

George Burke An 1875 “Million Dollar Baby”

George Burke  An 1875 “Million Dollar Baby”

Hilary Swank, was an American actress who won two best actress Academy Awards, both for roles that were considered uncommonly difficult and courageous—a young transgender man in Boys Don’t Cry (1999). Here is an 1875 version of a girl just wanting to be accepted as a man.

This is the rather unusual story of a young girl, who in 1875 went from Ottawa to Osgoode and masqueraded for three months, as a boy, till exposed by an Osgoode girl who bad been working in Ottawa and knew her. It was early in the summer of 1875 that a rather delicate looking boy of about 18 years of age suddenly appeared in the township and asked for work from the farmers. The boy said he was an orphan and had just came to Canada from England. He gave his name as George Burke. Burke had such a nice gentle, winning way that he had no trouble getting work with a well known farmer.

The lad had not been long in the township before he began to “court the girls” and soon earned the name of a flirt. If it had been the present day, young Burke would have been called a “sheik.” As it was all the mothers took a great fancy to Burke and invited him to their homes. To their rough and ready sons they would say: “Why are you not as nice and gentlemanly like George Burke. There is a boy to pattern yourself by.” All of which, of course, did not make Burke popular with the young men. He, however, grew increasingly popular with the girls.

Burke proved himself, a fine dancer and made a practice of taking the girls to dances and of seeing them home. In fact Burke grew so popular that two girls had a physical altercation over him. During the three months he lived in Osgoode Burke held four jobs. He changed his jobs because he was unable to do the heavy work asked of him. When it was found by a farmer that Burke was only fit to drive horses and do light work such as milking he was let go, And when he did the daughters of the house and even the mothers were distraught. Another thing the farmers did not like about young Burke was that he was too fond of his personal appearance, and that he did not like to dirty his hands.

The boys excluded him, and even angered him because he would never go swimming or indulge in any athletic sports that were at all rough.Things went along in this manner for three months and then one night a young Osgoode girl who had been working in Ottawa was coming home for holidays. On the first night of the girl’s return she ran across George Burke. It was noticed that Burke went pale and almost fainted when he saw the girl. The girl did not say anything at the time, but went home and told her mother that Burke wasn’t Burke at all and he surely wasn’t a boy.

The news soon reached the ears of the farmer who had last hired Burke. The farmer told his wife and the wife told Burke quite a few things. Young Burke was soon taken back to his (her) home in Ottawa with her parents who incidently were mourning her as lost. The girl’s parents lived on Sandy Hill and moved in very nice circles. When asked why she had masqueraded as she did, the girl replied that she did it for a lark; that a girl could not have any fun and she wanted to have some. The girl was greatly tickled by the manner in which she had fooled the girls of the township. The George Burke story was the talk of Osgoode for many a day. The boys of the township used to say to their fond mothers, “Wouldn’t you like me to be like George Burke?” And the fond mothers would say: “Well, she was a mighty nice boy at that.”

with files from

The Ottawa Citizen 

 Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

Friday, March 23, 1928

Also read-

Women Gave Police Lots of Trouble in the 1800s

Women “Bobbed” for Having a Bob 1923

Women Arrested for Wearing Pants?


Photos of Osgoode Township Historical Society and Museum Please visit your local museums

Documenting Archibald Peden — Carleton Place

Documenting Archibald Peden — Carleton Place

March 30 1883 from Alexander Peden

Archibald Peden from Carleton Place sent a note to A.H Heayes Esq. In Boston, Mass. March 30th, 1883. It was stamped “answered” and from the notation on the envelope it is an inquiry about a lot. In doing some research Albert was a real estate lawyer.

1881 Census

NAME:Archabald Peden
NATIONALITY:Scotch (Scotish)
DISTRICT:Lanark South
SUBDISTRICT:Carleton Place
HOUSEHOLD MEMBERS:NameAgeWm. Mon. Peden50Isabella Peden22Archabald Peden20James Pedem16Willen S. Carlie7

In 1891 he was still single

Name:Archibald Peden
Marital Status:Single
Birth Year:abt 1860
Birth Place:Ontario
Residence Date:1891
Residence Place:Carleton Place, Lanark South, Ontario, Canada
Relation to Head:Son
Religion:Free Church
Can Read:Yes
Can Write:Yes
French Canadian:No
Father’s Birth Place:Scotland
Mother’s Name:Mary Peden
Mother’s Birth Place:Ontario
Division Number:1
Neighbours:View others on page
Household MembersAgeRelationshipMary Peden67HeadArchibald Peden31SonIsabella Peden35DaughterWilliam Peden18Son

Mary Peden 1920s Carleton Place- Photo property Linda Seccaspina– Rosamond House in the background on Bell Street.The Peden Family- Genealogy– Peden Saunders Sadler

The Peden Family- Genealogy– Peden Saunders Sadler

Was the Devil in Peden’s Store? When Matches First Came to Carleton Place

Recollections of the Peden Store

D & L Slade Co.– Way of Housekeeping Larry Clark — A Tide Mill

D & L Slade Co.– Way of Housekeeping Larry Clark — A Tide Mill

Larry Clark

In 1775 the mill provided a footnote to the American Revolution. One of the earliest naval engagements of the war took place near the mill, and its gates prevented the British from sailing up Mill Creek and coming within firing range of Chelsea.
Henry Slade had bought into the mill in 1827, and the innovation introduced in his time was the grinding of tobacco into snuff to supplement corn. As Henry’s children David, Levi and Charles took an interest in the business, they – especially David – wanted to let their new ideas and ambition increase the business.
For one year, Henry turned the mill over to the hard-working David, who increased the mill’s profits to $500 until the older generation stepped back in. But soon David took charge again, creating the D & L Slade Co. with brother Levi. It would for more than 100 years turn out spices for New England home and professional kitchens



Re: D&L Slade Company Boston, Massachusetts

By genealogy.com user September 30, 2000 at 07:43:06

Henry Slade (born 1791) purchased an old mill in Revere that was powered by tidewater.This mill has burned down TWICE, so the poor building that is falling to ruin currently is more modern than Henry’s mill.He used the mill to grind snuff, since he sold tobacco products.He turned over the use of part of the mill to two of his sons, Charles (born 1816) and David (born 1819), and they began to grind spice for wholesale grocers as Slade Spice Company.Charles eventually left the company and was replaced by his brother Levi (born in 1822)and D & L Slade was formed.When Levi died in 1884, the company incorporated, with David, Wilbur L. Slade (son of Levi), Herber L. Slade (son of Levi), and Henry Dillingham (son-in-law of David and husband of Anna Jeanette, David’s daughter, of course).They began to buy spice and sell it, and since they were sticklers for quality, they did very well and the company grew rapidly.They refused to put fillers in their spice, and they soon became the largest seller of unadulterated spice (something that was hard to find in those days).Besides the mill in Revere, they had a factory in Chelsea, and offices in Boston.When Bell Seasoning’s went on the market, they purchased that company, which had also been family-owned, but they retained the name of Bell’s on all its packages.Somehow the same nicety was not extended to the Slade’s brand when it was finally acquired by a large food corporation, and the Slade’s Spice name no longer exists.


The mill was one of several tide mills dotting the New England coast – an innovation that some say originated in the area. Tide mills worked by using a set of flood gates. When the tide surged in, the flood gates swung open to allow the ocean water to fill the marsh and mill pond. When the tide turned and began to exit the marsh, the gates closed, trapping the water. From this impounded water the mill drew off a steady stream to turn its machinery – similar to the way a mill on a river used the flow to drive its works.

Tide mill - Wikipedia

In 1918 Slade would make the investment that keeps its legacy alive today. It bought out the Bell’s Seasoning Company. In 1867, William Bell had begun selling his blend of poultry seasoning through his market in Boston. Bell had started as a grocer in Lowell, Mass. before moving south to Boston where he could buy spices directly off the ships arriving in port.

Over the next 40 years Bell continually expanded the popularity of his Bell’s Seasoning – a blend of rosemary, ginger, oregano, sage and marjoram – until his sudden death at age 76. Sensing opportunity, Slade purchased the brand, but wisely did nothing to change the name or formula. Instead, he  incorporated Bell’s into his own lineup, which had expanded to baking powders, cumin, pepper and a wide range of spices. The company promoted them in its own cookbook.

The Slade name finally disappeared from the grocery shelves in the 1970s when the Slade family sold the company. Only the Bell’s brand name remains today – touted by a wide range of cooks as still the best poultry seasoning for a Thanksgiving turkey.

The Slade Mill, though, still lives on. Added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1972, its owners converted it to apartments in 2004.

Hat tip to: The Spice Mill on the Marsh by Thomas P. Smith

The Boston Globe
Boston, Massachusetts
07 Nov 1919, Fri  •  Page 16

Comments from Larry Clark

Drove from North Bay to Ottawa with a wedding cake for my sister in law. My wife baked the cake (3 layers) and had it iced professionally here. The baker was a little dubious when told of our mission but completed the cake. Everything went well until the time to cut the cake. They ended up using a hammer on the knife to break the cake open. The cake (and icing, when you managed to soften it) was delicious. Larry Clark

Related reading

Vintage Culinary Blogging –Fun to Cook Book

Albert Street Canasta Club Chilled Pineapple Dessert

The Perth Gaol 1876 Almonte Gazette– Names Names Names..:)

The Perth Gaol 1876 Almonte Gazette– Names Names Names..:)
Photo by Linda Seccaspina 2015 during a Perth Classic Theatre event

Return of Convictions for the Period Ending June 14, 1898


Jno. Reid and Jno Denham, Henry Rescroft, Wilmer Fleming, William Wright, Robert Hornebrook, Andrew Armour, Fred Griffith, George Stewart, Loren Griffith, each fined $1


Jake Angus and Frank Bennett, each fined $5

Drunk and Disorderly

Jacob Leslie, Dinah Harper and John O’Hare, each fined $2

Selling After Hours:

Michael Dixon and F. Lambert, each fined $20

Sale of Liquor During Prohibited Hours:

Jacob Morris and George A. Jackman, each fined $20


William Nicholson, fined $5

  1. St. James, and Jas. Phillips, each fined $1

Breech of Game Act

Thomas Needham, fined $5


David Morreau, committed to gaol


Robert Cowie, complainant was Frank Boothroyd, fined $2


Robert Cowie, complainant was Archibald Calhoun, fined $1

Mrs. D. Logan, complainant was Duncan Ferguson, fined $1

Alexander Short, fined $5

  1. Molin, fined $5.25

Richard Duffy, fined $1 plus costs

Congregating on Street Corners:

George Dixon, Reginald Simpson, James Ennis, George Black, Jas. O’Neil, Thomas Willoughby, W. Willoughby, Charles Thornhill, J. Murphy, H. Easton, each fined $5.25

  1. Huddleston, John Davis and Ed. Marquette, each fined $1.50


Jacob Thompson, William Henry, Esther Majory, L. Shaw, Susan Bennett, Jno. K. Elliott, each received six months in gaol

Throwing Balls of Snow

Jas. McAllister, fined $1

Practicing Medicine Without a License

Dr. W. McKay, ten days in gaol

Causing a Disturbance on a Public Road

John Salter, fined $9.75

James Nolan, J. Conlin, and George Nolan, each fined $5.25

Refusing to Pay Wages

William Hogg, complainant was Alexander C. Fraser, fine was $40 plus costs

Related Reading

Run Pig Run–Shake it Off! Convictions of 1870

Throwing a Snowball is Going to Cost you $1- Your Convictions of 1898

To Steal a Barge on Ebb’s Bay— Your Convictions of 1897

Step Right Up- Here are Your Family Convictions-September, 1894

Breach of the Town Bylaws and Other Convictions.. Sept. 11 1888

Justice of the Peace Convictions for the County of Lanark–July 17, 1885

Assault Abusive Language and Bridget McNee

The Notorious Bridget McGee of Perth

Down at the Old Perth Gaol

Justice of the Peace Convictions for the County of Lanark–Dec. 13, 1898-Who Do You Know?

Auctionering Without a License and Pigs on the Loose

Going to the Chapel –Drummond Whalen and Johnson of Carleton Place

“One Bourbon, One Scotch, One Beer” in Lanark County

Jailhouse Rock in Lanark County Part 2

The Drunken Desperados of Carleton Place

The Young Offenders of Lanark County

Captured by Natives Alice Garland

Captured by Natives Alice Garland

In 1831, Mr. Nicholas Garland, a farmer, then living on Lot 20 in the 6th Concession of Beckwith Township, *lost a child, a little girl.  Some of the children had wandered to the back of the clearance, which was then but small, and the little one never came home.

All the neighbours turned out the next day and searched the woods all around and every nook and cranny where she might have fallen and perished was searched, but not the smallest clue or trace of her could be found. The inhabitants concluded that a bear had carried her off and devoured her.

In 1881 the Perth Courier and Almonte Gazette reported that she was stolen by a local native who brought her up in his own family and married her off to one of his own sons. They lived latterly in the County of Bruce where some of her brothers and sisters were living.

The old Chief, her abductor, died in 1881, and before his death made a full confession of the nefarious and cruel deed.  Who needs despair of at least hearing of their own lost loved ones?

So why were local children taken? Quite a few were stolen because a native family was in bereavement from losing a child or family member. These abducted children were often placed into the care of fellow native families that had lost a child, or brother or sister. With some files from Beckwith Child Stolen by Natives

St. Louis Globe-Democrat
St. Louis, Missouri
21 Dec 1881, Wed  •  Page 1

Did the story have a happy ending? It is for
the reader to judge. The heroine’s real family, by
now living in another part of Lanark County,
naturally wanted her to come home. According to
an account in another newspaper, she thought it
over, and refused. After all, she was now a middle aged woman, with a family of her own. She considered herself to be an Indian, and could
remember no other way of life. It was only natural
that she should choose to stay with her husband
and his people.This is one of the strange but true stories in
the annals of the Irish people of the Ottawa Valley- Goulburn Museum

Other stories

Christianne and her husband Jacob Ross were originally buried at Woodlands East Cemetery, Osnabruck Township, Stormont County, a Lost Villages Cemetery.
Christianne Merkley Ross
15 Jan 1856 (aged 97–98)Osnabruck, Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry United Counties, Ontario, Canada
Upper Canada Village Cemetery
Upper Canada Village, Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry United Counties, Ontario, Canada
Chrysler Farm

In the year 1858, there died in Osnabruck, Dundas county, at the great age of 98, a lady who had had experiences the like of which have fallen to the lot of few women. The lady in question was Christiane, wife of Jacob Ross, who was of UE. Loyalist descent. The story of Mrs. Ross life is thrilling in the extreme. Mrs. Ross’ maiden name was Merkley. She was the daughter of Michael Merkley, a loyalist, who lived In Schoharie near the Mohawk river In the state of New York, at the time of the American Revolution. In the year 1777 Mr. Merkley left home on business, leaving Christiane, a younger sister and a small brother U keep house. (The mother was dead.)

On the day Mr. Merkley was due to return home, a band of Indians came in sight and shot him almost at his door. They then looted the house, set it on fire, and carried off the three children. The little boy cried so hard for his father that the Indians tomahawked and scalped him, showed his scalp to the two girls and told them they would share the same fate if they made any outcry. The natives (who were allied to the British) marched to Fort Niagara with the girls having to walk all the way. It was a journey of about 600 miles.

At Fort Niagara they sold the girls to Sir John Johnson, who commanded the Natives who were there in the British service. Sir John Johnson took the sisters to Montreal with him and they remained in his service as servants for two years. At the close of the war with the States (Revolution) Christianne married Jacob Ross, a discharged soldier. Mr. and Mrs. Ross went to Cornwall to take up a farm which he had drawn from the government “lot.”

At Cornwall he exchanged that farm for one in Osnabruck. The couple found themselves badly in need of a cow. Mrs. Ross suggested that she return to Montreal for a year and go into “service” to earn money to buy a cow. This the young husband agreed to regretfully. It took Mrs. Ross a whole year to earn wages sufficient to buy a cow.

At the end of the year Mr. Ross left his small clearing and the bride and the cow were brought back in a batteau after much difficulty. The cow made all the difference in the world to the young couple. Devout Lutherans. Mr. and Mrs. Ross were Lutherans and for many years Mrs. Ross’ German Bible and prayer book were her constant companions. She had her full faculties up to the time of her death.

Read more about Christiane here

Nicholas GARLAND (John2, William (Colonel)1) was born on February 21, 1798 in , Kilkenny, Leinster, Ireland2 and died on December 11, 1880 in Goulbourn Twp, Carleton, Ontario Canada aged 82.


• He immigrated from Ireland in 1821 to Beckwith Twp, Lanark Co, Ontario, Canada. 2

• Nicholas farmed on Lot 20, Con 6, Beckwith Twp, Lanark Co, Ontario, Canada, in 1822 2

• Nicholas relocated, in 1828 to Goulbourn Twp, Carleton, Ontario Canada. 2

Nicholas married Ann WILLOUGHBY in May 1819.2 Ann was born in 1798 in , Kilkenny, Leinster, Ireland2 and died on December 16, 18892 aged 91.

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