Over 40 people, including 1 woman, were hanged in Canada from 1860 to 1866. After Confederation 1,533 death sentences were passed between 1867 and 1976, resulting in the executions of 691 men and 11 women, between 1867 and 1962. From 1869, only murder, rape and treason were punishable by death. Only two men were executed for treason.
They were Thomas Scott, an Irish Protestant, who was hanged on the 4th of March 1870 in Red River in present day Manitoba.The other man was Louis Riel who led an uprising in what is now the province of Saskatchewan.Riel was convicted of high treason and hanged in November 1885.
Between 1892 and 1961, the mandatory penalty for any conviction for murder in Canada was death by hanging. Canada’s last fully public execution took place in 1869 when Nicholas Melady was hanged for the murder of his father and step-father.
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