Bibliothèque et Archives Canada
Watercolour of settlement on Long Island on the Rideau River, Upper Canada (Ontario)
Thanks Ken Godfrey for this.
“Thanks to a link a DNA cousin) I’m attaching my
“cut-and-paste” of part of a larger document – which you may wish to
read in full, if you have the time. The names of inns and taverns along
the way is fascinating to me, as I suspect that these may not be
recorded anywhere else! Of special interest is the mention of the
Fryfogel Tavern, which still exists today on the road to Stratford,
Ontario, and has a historic plaque to mark it.
P.S. Although these 2 routes were primarily for the Scottish settlers
who came from an area of Perthshire, just south of Loch Tay, (judging by
the place names mentioned) to Perth County, Ontario, that part of the
trip from Quebec City up into the St. Lawrence (just prior to Lake
Ontario) would have also been used by many of our ancestors, including
our Gilmour and Robertson families!”
This letter also describes a Route II – from New York City, up through
the Erie Canal, into Hamilton, and then beyond. I knew of this route
from other sources, but to see the mileage detail, and its
recommendation for greater comfort was enlightening. Route I talks of
using the new Rideau Canal as a better [but much longer] detour.
If you wish to read the whole document, as produced by Bill Martin, of
Thunder Bay, Ontario, just click on the link at the end of the piece.
From “THE HIGHLANDER” published in Chicago. The Perth County Pioneers By Archie McKerracher
24th Octr. 1835 Rev'd Sir May, I take the liberty of requesting your particular attention to the annexed copy letter and to beg of you to forward that matter we are so anxious about. And may God bless your endeavours and ours in endeavouring to obtain the ministrations of his Servants. I am Rev'd Sir Your mo. ob't Serv't. (Signed) Peter McNaughton from Shian Note for the Rev'd Mr. Duff From our anxiety for the promotion of Christian knowledge amongst us, we take the liberty of suggesting for your consideration the propriety of applying to the Marquiss of Breadalbane for some assistance to aid us in getting our intended church established. We are certain that from his and his late father's disposition to foster the well being of his tenants at home and in remembrance of many of us being once his tenants, the Marquiss may be induced to help us as regards the Church, and we take the liberty of requesting your kind services in this matter, and to state to him our intentions. We arc all happily and comfortably settled in this township (North Easthope) and also in South Easthope and it is our wish that our late neighbours may be aware of this as from what we have learned many are inclined to join us from our native land. The land here is good and well watered, the terms of the Upper Canada Land Co'y are liberal, requiring the Settler only to pay a fifth of the purchase money when the land is applied for, and the remainder in five yearly installments with interest at six per cent. The Co'y at present sell their lands at 12/6 Currency per acre being equal to about 10/8 British, and the only stipulation is to clear off each year about 3 1/2 acres for every 100 acres owned by a settler, and that for 7 years when a free deed is given, the instalments heing also paid. But a settler may clear the required quantity in less time, and so obtain his free deed on paying up the whole instalments. There are grist mills and saw mills within a few miles of us east and west, also a store where goods of all kinds are sold. This settlement is mostly Scotch, almost wholly so where we are settled, and the utmost goodwill and unanimity prevails. We enjoy, though obtained at present by hard labour and perseverance, all the necessary worldly comforts and with the prospect, if we and our families are spared, of seeing them and us all independent and comfortable Farmers, farming our own land. May we therefore request of you, that as we state nothing but what is true, and borne out by the testimony of the settlers who have arrived this season you will give this brief information (joined to the annexed Routes) to as many as seem inclined to emigrate to this place.
North Easthope, Huron Tract, U.C.
It has been thought proper and perhaps necessary to give the following information for the guidance of many of our late neighbours in Perthshire who may be wishful to come to this place as when an Emigrant arrives from on Board Ship, he is often perplexed as to the route or journey to any particular place he intends going to. The Routes which follow may be depended upon as being pretty correct. I. Route from Quebec to Montreal to Hamilton, and from thence to North Easthope (Huron Tract) Miles From Quebec to Montreal (by Ship or Steamboat) 180 Montreal to Kingston (by Steamboat & Durham Boats 189 Kingston to Hamilton (head of Lake Ontario) by Steamboat 211 sub-total 580 From Hamilton to Dundas 5 To Cornells Tavern (Township of Beverly) 8 To Henry Ebbs " ( " ) 6 1/2 To Thomans " (Village of Breston, Township of Waterloo) 6 1/2 To Swartz now Stafans " (Twp. of Waterloo) by covered bridge over Grand River 6 1/2 To Rycharts Saw Mill (Township of Wilmot) 4 To Hobsons Tavern ( " ) 5 1/2 To Helmors " first Tavern in the Houron Tract (North Easthope) 6 To Tryfogles Tavern (South Easthope) 3 being about 4 miles from the centre of the Scotch Settlement, sub-total 51 North Easthope grand-total 631 The above distance is 631 miles, 580 of which are by River St. Lawrence and Lake Ontario, and the remaining 51 miles by land. Waggons are easily procured from Hamilton to North Easthope for 14 or 18 Dollars per load. There is 5/0 currency in a Dollar equal to about 4/ 3 1/2 British. The passage from Quebec up the St. Lawrence is a very disagreeable besides dangerous one, and not to be compared with the route No.II below, by the way of New York and Oswego. When an Emigrant lands at Quebec (who is bound for Upper Canada beyond Toronto (late York) he has to travel by ship, steamboat, or by the Durham boats, which last boats are made to surmount the Rapids and not constructed to afford shelter from wet or tempestuous weather. Emigrants however may now avoid the danger and trouble in the Durham Boats by going by the Rideau Canal, vizt. from Montreal up the Ottawa River to mouth of that Canal, and by it to Kingston and from thence to Hamilton by Steamboat. The distance to Hamilton from Quebec is 580 miles whereas the distance by the Route No.2 is only 484, Besides there is really much danger in navigating the Gulph of St. Lawrence, as the many shipwrecks shew, and the state of the Quarantine Station at Grosse or Goose Island (24 miles below Quebec) is very Bad. II. Route from New York to Hamilton, & from thence to North East Hope, Huron Tract From New York to Albany Miles (by Steamboat or Towboat towed by a Steamboat in 22 hours 145 From Albany to Syracuse by Erie Canal 171 From Syracuse to Oswego, on Lake Ontario 38 sub-total 354 From Oswego to Hamilton by Steamboat about 130 (or from Oswego to Toronto and from Toronto to Hamilton) sub-total 484 From Hamilton to North Easthope as before 51 total 535 The advantage of an Emigrant coming to Canada by way of New York, is the quickness of passage, safety, and cheapness, being on the whole as cheap as by Quebec. The passage from New York to Oswego is a most comfortable one compared to that by Montreal, the Towboats and Canal Boats being well fitted up, and complete protection afforded against the weather for both passengers and luggage. At Oswego an Emigrant meets a Steamboat for Hamilton or for Toronto (late York) and if for Toronto then there is a Steamboat from Toronto to Hamilton. (This Season there were two plying twice a day between Toronto and Hamilton). The distance between Albany and Oswego is performed in one Canal Boat.
Copy Letter Robert Frazer and others to Rev'd Mr. Forbes, Amulree. Rev'd Mr D.B. Forbes Township of North Easthope. Huron Tract of Arnulree Church Upper Canada by Crieff 24th October 1835 Rev'd Sir: We take the liberty of writing you upon a subject which we are certain you will be glad to hear of. Many of us who subscribe this letter have been personally known to you while it was our lot to be placed in our native land, but tho now far distant from that land we hope we have not forgotten the many valuable instructions and injunctions delivered by you. The part of Canada we live in is indeed remote and consequently we have been subjected to many privations, but what we have greatly to lament for is the stated ministrations of a clergyman. We are all, thanks be to God as far as worldly comforts affect us, much better off than in our native land, and we would be sorry to think that while we enjoy so many worldly blessings we should, or others, accuse ourselves of inattention to our spiritual wants. We have a prospect of a Minister or Missionary, as be is called at first being sent amongst us, early next season, but as there are many waste fields besides ours in Canada where the assistance of a preacher of the Gospel is required, we are somewhat doubtful that our case may be overlooked, tho indeed we are kindly assured by the Rev'd Mr. Rintoul of Streetsville (near Toronto, Late York, the capital of U.C.) that we will be attended to, Mr. Rintoul has given us every reason to expect that a missionary will be sent here, but he has said at sametime, that a great deal depends on the Glasgow Colonial Missionary Soc'y, a Soc'y in Glasgow established for the purpose of sending missionaries abroad, Mr. Rintoul visited this place in August last, and was satisfied of our wants. He had for 12 months before been made acquainted with the [strides of] this settlement, and all along was most wishful to assist us, and has done a great deal to encourage us. What we now chiefly request of you, is that you will as soon after the receipt of this as possible apply to the Glasgow Soc'y. above referred to, and state our case, and do all you can for the sending of a missionary to us, but one who can preach Gaelic as well as English. We are taking preparatory steps towards getting a Church erected, and are going to apply to the Governor for help, but if a minister was on the spot, he would do much towards that. We intend applying to the Canada Land Co'y also. We will have the benefit of a school this winter, as one of our neighbours is erecting one at present. And we believe it will be only the second school in operation on the Huron Tract. We live within 3 or 4 miles of an intended village called Stratford on Avon where the Upper Canada Land Co'y (to whom the Tract belongs) have an Agent and where there are mills for the benefit of the Settlers. There are four Townships (same as Parishes) meet at the village called North Easthope, South Easthope, Ellice and Downie. The Population of this Township and So. Easthope is about 500. We have sent copies of this letter to the Rev'd Mr. Duff of Kenmore and Rev'd Mr. A. Campbell of Weem and we pray you to write for our spiritual welfare. We are Rev'd Sir Your mo. ob't. Serv't. in name Please address any letter for us of Mr. Robert Fraser, North Easthope, Huron Tract, Upper Canada (by GaIt) (Signed) Robert Frazer Donald Stewart Donald MeNaughton John Stewart Peter McNaughton Donald Robertson Duncan Stewart James Robertson John Crerar Alex'r Crerar And. Riddel Donald Peddie Duncan Fisher John Stewart Peter Anderson James Fisher John Kippan Peter Crerar John Stewart All the Settlers have not signed this owing to want of time before sending off.
- Bill Martin, Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada
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