More Settler Routes from Bill Martin

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More Settler Routes from Bill Martin

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Bibliothèque et Archives Canada

Watercolour of settlement on Long Island on the Rideau River, Upper Canada (Ontario)

Thanks Ken Godfrey for this.

“Thanks to a link a DNA cousin) I’m attaching my 
“cut-and-paste” of part of a larger document – which you may wish to 
read in full, if you have the time. The names of inns and taverns along 
the way is fascinating to me, as I suspect that these may not be 
recorded anywhere else! Of special interest is the mention of the 
Fryfogel Tavern, which still exists today on the road to Stratford, 
Ontario, and has a historic plaque to mark it.
P.S. Although these 2 routes were primarily for the Scottish settlers 
who came from an area of Perthshire, just south of Loch Tay, (judging by 
the place names mentioned) to Perth County, Ontario, that part of the 
trip from Quebec City up into the St. Lawrence (just prior to Lake 
Ontario) would have also been used by many of our ancestors, including 
our Gilmour and Robertson families!”
This letter also describes a Route II – from New York City, up through
the Erie Canal, into Hamilton, and then beyond. I knew of this route
from other sources, but to see the mileage detail, and its
recommendation for greater comfort was enlightening. Route I talks of
using the new Rideau Canal as a better [but much longer] detour.
If you wish to read the whole document, as produced by Bill Martin, of
Thunder Bay, Ontario, just click on the link at the end of the piece.
From “THE HIGHLANDER” published in Chicago. The Perth County Pioneers By Archie McKerracher

24th Octr. 1835

Rev'd Sir

May, I take the liberty of requesting your particular attention
to the annexed copy letter and to beg of you to forward that
matter we are so anxious about. And may God bless your endeavours
and ours in endeavouring to obtain the ministrations of his Servants.

I am
Rev'd Sir
Your mo. ob't Serv't.

(Signed) Peter McNaughton from Shian


Note for the Rev'd Mr. Duff

From our anxiety for the promotion of Christian knowledge
amongst us, we take the liberty of suggesting for your
consideration the propriety of applying to the Marquiss of
Breadalbane for some assistance to aid us in getting our
intended church established. We are certain that from his and
his late father's disposition to foster the well being of his
tenants at home and in remembrance of many of us being once his
tenants, the Marquiss may be induced to help us as regards the
Church, and we take the liberty of requesting your kind services
in this matter, and to state to him our intentions.

We arc all happily and comfortably settled in this township
(North Easthope) and also in South Easthope and it is our wish
that our late neighbours may be aware of this as from what
we have learned many are inclined to join us from our native
land. The land here is good and well watered, the
terms of the Upper Canada Land Co'y are liberal, requiring the
Settler only to pay a fifth of the purchase money when the land
is applied for, and the remainder in five yearly installments
with interest at six per cent. The Co'y at present sell their
lands at 12/6 Currency per acre being equal to about 10/8
British, and the only stipulation is to clear off each year about 3 1/2
acres for every 100 acres owned by a settler, and that for 7 years
when a free deed is given, the instalments heing also paid. But
a settler may clear the required quantity in less time, and so
obtain his free deed on paying up the whole instalments. There
are grist mills and saw mills within a few miles of us east and
west, also a store where goods of all kinds are sold. This
settlement is mostly Scotch, almost wholly so where we are
settled, and the utmost goodwill and unanimity prevails.  We
enjoy, though obtained at present by hard labour and
perseverance, all the necessary worldly comforts and with the
prospect, if we and our families are spared, of seeing them and
us all independent and comfortable Farmers, farming our own land.

May we therefore request of you, that as we state nothing but
what is true, and borne out by the testimony of the settlers who
have arrived this season you will give this brief information
(joined to the annexed Routes) to as many as seem inclined to
emigrate to this place.

North Easthope, Huron Tract, U.C.



It has been thought proper and perhaps necessary to give the
following information for the guidance of many of our late
neighbours in Perthshire who may be wishful to come to this place
as when an Emigrant arrives from on Board Ship, he is often
perplexed as to the route or journey to any particular place he
intends going to. The Routes which follow may be depended upon
as being pretty correct.

	I. Route from Quebec to Montreal to Hamilton, and from
	   thence  to North Easthope (Huron Tract)          Miles

	   From Quebec to Montreal (by Ship or Steamboat)    180
		Montreal to Kingston
		  (by Steamboat & Durham Boats               189
		Kingston to Hamilton
		  (head of Lake Ontario) by Steamboat        211
						 sub-total   580

	   From Hamilton to Dundas                             5
	   To Cornells Tavern (Township of Beverly)            8
	   To Henry Ebbs "    (     "       )                  6 1/2
	   To Thomans    "    (Village of Breston,
			       Township of Waterloo)           6 1/2
	   To Swartz now Stafans " (Twp. of Waterloo)
		by covered bridge over Grand River             6 1/2
	   To Rycharts Saw Mill (Township of Wilmot)           4
	   To Hobsons Tavern    (     "      )                 5 1/2
	   To Helmors  "        first Tavern in the
		Houron Tract (North Easthope)                  6
	   To Tryfogles Tavern (South Easthope)                3
	      being about 4 miles from the centre of the
	      Scotch Settlement,                 sub-total    51
	      North Easthope                   grand-total   631

The above distance is 631 miles, 580 of which are by River St.
Lawrence and Lake Ontario, and the remaining 51 miles by land.
Waggons are easily procured from Hamilton to North Easthope for
14 or 18 Dollars per load. There is 5/0 currency in a Dollar
equal to about 4/ 3 1/2 British. The passage from Quebec up the St.
Lawrence is a very disagreeable besides dangerous one, and not
to be compared with the route No.II below, by the way of New
York and Oswego. When an Emigrant lands at Quebec (who is bound
for Upper Canada beyond Toronto (late York) he has to travel by
ship, steamboat, or by the Durham boats, which last boats are
made to surmount the Rapids and not constructed to afford
shelter from wet or tempestuous weather. Emigrants however may
now avoid the danger and trouble in the Durham Boats by going
by the Rideau Canal, vizt. from Montreal up the Ottawa River to
mouth of that Canal, and by it to Kingston and from thence to
Hamilton by Steamboat. The distance to Hamilton from Quebec is
580 miles whereas the distance by the Route No.2 is only 484,
Besides there is really much danger in navigating the Gulph of
St. Lawrence, as the many shipwrecks shew, and the state of the
Quarantine Station at Grosse or Goose Island (24 miles below
Quebec) is very Bad.

II.     Route from New York to Hamilton, & from thence to North
	East Hope, Huron Tract From New York to Albany             Miles
	(by Steamboat or Towboat towed by a Steamboat in 22 hours   145
	     From Albany to Syracuse by Erie Canal                  171
	     From Syracuse to Oswego, on Lake Ontario                38
						      sub-total     354
	     From Oswego to Hamilton by Steamboat             about 130
	     (or from Oswego to Toronto
		       and from Toronto to Hamilton)  sub-total     484
	     From Hamilton to North Easthope as before               51
							  total     535

The advantage of an Emigrant coming to Canada by way of New
York, is the quickness of passage, safety, and cheapness, being
on the whole as cheap as by Quebec. The passage from New York to
Oswego is a most comfortable one compared to that by Montreal,
the Towboats and Canal Boats being well fitted up, and complete
protection afforded against the weather for both passengers and
luggage. At Oswego an Emigrant meets a Steamboat for Hamilton or
for Toronto (late York) and if for Toronto then there is a
Steamboat from Toronto to Hamilton. (This Season there were two
plying twice a day between Toronto and Hamilton). The distance
between Albany and Oswego is performed in one Canal Boat.



Copy Letter Robert Frazer and others to Rev'd Mr. Forbes, Amulree.

Rev'd Mr D.B. Forbes            Township of North Easthope.
				       Huron Tract
of Arnulree Church                     Upper Canada
   by Crieff                        24th October 1835

Rev'd Sir:

We take the liberty of writing you upon a subject which we are
certain you will be glad to hear of.

Many of us who subscribe this letter have been personally known
to you while it was our lot to be placed in our native land, but
tho now far distant from that land we hope we have not forgotten
the many valuable instructions and injunctions delivered by you.

The part of Canada we live in is indeed remote and consequently
we have been subjected to many privations, but what we have
greatly to lament for is the stated ministrations of a
clergyman. We are all, thanks be to God as far as worldly
comforts affect us, much better off than in our native land, and
we would be sorry to think that while we enjoy so many worldly
blessings we should, or others, accuse ourselves of inattention
to our spiritual wants.

We have a prospect of a Minister or Missionary, as be is called
at first being sent amongst us, early next season, but as there
are many waste fields besides ours in Canada where the
assistance of a preacher of the Gospel is required, we are
somewhat doubtful that our case may be overlooked, tho indeed we
are kindly assured by the Rev'd Mr. Rintoul of Streetsville
(near Toronto, Late York, the capital of U.C.) that we will be
attended to, Mr. Rintoul has given us every reason to expect
that a missionary will be sent here, but he has said at
sametime, that a great deal depends on the Glasgow Colonial
Missionary Soc'y, a Soc'y in Glasgow established for the purpose
of sending missionaries abroad, Mr. Rintoul visited this place in
August last, and was satisfied of our wants. He had for 12
months before been made acquainted with the [strides of] this
settlement, and all along was most wishful to assist us, and has
done a great deal to encourage us.

What we now chiefly request of you, is that you will as soon
after the receipt of this as possible apply to the Glasgow
Soc'y. above referred to, and state our case, and do all you can
for the sending of a missionary to us, but one who can preach
Gaelic as well as English. We are taking preparatory steps
towards getting a Church erected, and are going to apply to the
Governor for help, but if a minister was on the spot, he would
do much towards that. We intend applying to the Canada Land Co'y
also. We will have the benefit of a school this winter, as one
of our neighbours is erecting one at present. And we believe it
will be only the second school in operation on the Huron Tract.
We live within 3 or 4 miles of an intended village called
Stratford on Avon where the Upper Canada Land Co'y (to whom the
Tract belongs) have an Agent and where there are mills for the
benefit of the Settlers. There are four Townships (same as
Parishes) meet at the village called North Easthope, South
Easthope, Ellice and Downie. The Population of this Township and
So. Easthope is about 500.

We have sent copies of this letter to the Rev'd Mr. Duff of
Kenmore and Rev'd Mr. A. Campbell of Weem and we pray you to
write for our spiritual welfare.

We are Rev'd Sir
Your mo. ob't. Serv't. in name

Please address any letter for us
of Mr. Robert Fraser,
North Easthope, Huron Tract,
Upper Canada (by GaIt)

(Signed)
Robert Frazer           Donald Stewart
Donald MeNaughton       John Stewart
Peter McNaughton        Donald Robertson
Duncan Stewart          James Robertson
John Crerar             Alex'r Crerar
And. Riddel             Donald Peddie
Duncan Fisher           John Stewart
Peter Anderson          James Fisher
John Kippan             Peter Crerar
John Stewart

All the Settlers have not signed
this owing to want of time before
sending off.


    Bill Martin, Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada

Read more here..CLICK

Come and visit the Lanark County Genealogical Society Facebook page– what’s there? Cool old photos–and lots of things interesting to read. Also check out The Tales of Carleton Place.

Information where you can buy all Linda Seccaspina’s books-You can also read Linda in The Townships Sun andScreamin’ Mamas (USA)

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The Man Without a Country

Lanark County 101 — It Began with Rocks, Trees, and Swamps

Rock the Boat! Lanark County or Bust! Part 1

It Wasn’t the Sloop John B — Do’s and Don’t in an Immigrant Ship -Part 2

Riders on the Storm– Journey to Lanark County — Part 3

ROCKIN’ Cholera On the Trek to the New World — Part 4

Rolling down the Rapids –Journey to Lanark Part 5

One of the First Settlers of Drumond from the Massacre at Culloden

The Old Settlers Weren’t so Old After All

Dear Lanark Era –Lanark Society Settlers Letter

Ramsay Settlers 101

The Norwegian Bride– Not Your Ordinary Bride

What Did British Immigrants Spend When They First Came to Canada?

About lindaseccaspina

Before she laid her fingers to a keyboard, Linda was a fashion designer, and then owned the eclectic store Flash Cadilac and Savannah Devilles in Ottawa on Rideau Street from 1976-1996. She also did clothing for various media and worked on “You Can’t do that on Television”. After writing for years about things that she cared about or pissed her off on American media she finally found her calling. She is a weekly columnist for the Sherbrooke Record and documents history every single day and has over 6500 blogs about Lanark County and Ottawa and an enormous weekly readership. Linda has published six books and is in her 4th year as a town councillor for Carleton Place. She believes in community and promoting business owners because she believes she can, so she does.

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