So Where Was Charleville?

So Where Was Charleville?


Just got this in the LCGS inbox.. anyone know what it is? Crystal Rice said: “When I was a kid I found a metal horse sculpture near a war times black smiths shop, was wondering if someone could tell me more about it? “Looks forged, found in the area of Algonquin Rd near Charleville”


I had never heard of Charleville, and even though some of your folks just stuck around in Lanark County– others did move around. So I like to know about the surrounding area and its history.

Charleville Ontario

The village of Charleville, Ontario is located north of Maynard, Ontario along Charleville Road. The name Charleville was inspired by a man named Charles Lane (Charles Lane of Charleville, Augusta Township, Grenville County, Ontario. b. between 1814 and 1815, d. after 1852. ), who was a prominent figure within the community involved in many business affairs.

Originally, the settlement was referred to as Sebastopol, which was probably a reference to the Crimean War which was being fought around the time of settlement. The South Nation River bisects the village, which made it an ideal place for erecting early sawmills. Charleville was at one point the home of Canadian abolitionist *Samuel Bass and his wife Lydia. At its height in the mid-nineteenth century, Charleville had a population of around 200 people.


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Most of the residents living in Charleville during the 1800s earned an income through agriculture, and like the other local communities found hops to be the most profitable crop. According to business directories from this period there were also many small, family owned businesses located within Charleville.

At one point, the village contained numerous blacksmiths, wagon makers, dress makers and masons; the area also once had its own slaughterhouse and butcher as well as a cheese factory and general store. By 1853, the community had its own post office established on April 1 of that year; the first postmaster in the area was the community’s namesake, Charles Lane.[

The Charleville Cheese Factory (Charleville Cheese & Butter Co) was constructed in 1881 and was located at the northeast corner of Charleville Road and the Fourth Concession. The building was constructed by a local resident named Rufus Earl who made the first batch of cheese there on May 1, 1881. The factory was set up for the cheesemaker to live on site. From 1881 until the end of the 1920s, the factory had changed hands many times. By the 1930s, the factory was producing both butter and cheese for the local market, however competition and a waning market lead to the factory’s closure shortly after.

 After its closure, the building was sold and later demolished, however the boiler building was salvaged and turned into a private dwelling before it burned to the ground. The spot in which the factory once stood is now the location of a modern home.


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In the mid 1800s, residents around the Charleville community petitioned the township council to build their own schoolhouse and become their own school section; eventually, two schools were built which served pupils from Charleville: S.S. #9 Throop’s School and S.S. #12 Perrin’s School, located in nearby Perrin’s Corners. This school was located on the corner of Charleville Road and the Fourth Concession on land purchased from the Throop family, who the school was named after. The first school was built sometime in the early-to-mid 1800s and was replaced in 1876 by a stone structure. By 1958 the building had fallen into disrepair, and was condemned from use. Students were relocated to Maynard Public School. For a period the dilapidated building was used as storage until the back wall completely caved in. The ruins of the schoolhouse remained on site until 1973 when the building was purchased, demolished and replaced with a brick bungalow; no trace of it exists today.



14130-1910 (Grenville Co) Alder Earnest CARSON, 33, Farmer, of Charleville Ont., s/o John George. CARSON, farmer, & Alder MAHALEY, married Eva Maud HOUGH, 21, of Augusta, d/o George. HOUGH, Blacksmith, & Hester PYKE, witn: Oscar L. CARSON, M. Maud MOREY. 20 Apr 1910 Charleville.

1920 Maude MOREY F WIT 20 Apr 1910 Rufus Clarence MOREY Anne HOUGH B: ON F: ON M: ON Charleville Leeds and Grenville ON CAN 14130-1910 Witness KLN Anne Hough Morey Forum Email 1720 ON


*Morris and other descendants say they are only now discovering details about Samuel Bass, who left Canada sometime around 1840 and took on a series of carpentry jobs throughout the United States.

It turns out that other aspects of his life were not so honourable — census records show he left behind a wife, Catherine Lydia Lane, and four daughters: Catherine, Hannah, Martha Maria and Zeruah Bass, says Bonnie Gaylord of the Grenville County Historical Society in Prescott, Ont.

Morris’ 75-year-old mother says that could be why she had never heard of Samuel Bass until 12 Years a Slave


Did you know? Charleville was spelled Charlyville and Charleyville. This was from the Gazetteer from the 1800s

Charleyville. A Village on Nation River, in the Township of Augusta, County Grenville. Population 150.

Alden^ Miss Jane, teacher

Alder, Miss Levice, dressmaker

Alden, William .

Anderson, Jesse

Barton, John

Basis, David

Bass, Henry

Baas, James

Bass, J. . ‘ y

Birks, Edward B.

Birk«, Kuhur^

Carson, John

Covill, Stephen

Dakins, Fuisha

Kirby, Wilson -..

Lane^ Charles, J. P.

Lane, James
Lane, Joseph
Mosher, James
Perrin, Ebenezer
Place, Wright
Stetenfloii, ? Thomas
Tanney, William
Throop, Benjamin
Throop, Justus
Throop, Samuel
WfftneJ, Calvin
Whitney, Samuel
Wiley, John
Young, Joseph

Young  Yuill ?

Come and visit the Lanark County Genealogical Society Facebook page– what’s there? Cool old photos–and lots of things interesting to read. Also check out The Tales of Carleton Place.

Information where you can buy all Linda Seccaspina’s books-You can also read Linda in The Townships Sun andScreamin’ Mamas (USA)




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About lindaseccaspina

Before she laid her fingers to a keyboard, Linda was a fashion designer, and then owned the eclectic store Flash Cadilac and Savannah Devilles in Ottawa on Rideau Street from 1976-1996. She also did clothing for various media and worked on “You Can’t do that on Television”. After writing for years about things that she cared about or pissed her off on American media she finally found her calling. She is a weekly columnist for the Sherbrooke Record and documents history every single day and has over 6500 blogs about Lanark County and Ottawa and an enormous weekly readership. Linda has published six books and is in her 4th year as a town councillor for Carleton Place. She believes in community and promoting business owners because she believes she can, so she does.

2 responses »

  1. Although small, the little horse with its wide base reminds me of a book-end. Not sure how heavy it is, but some of those little items can be heavier than they look.

    Funny. I have been studying ‘black slave-owners’. Yes, there were many black slave owners in Georgia and South Carolina. It is appalling. So I just cracked open the book I am currently reading and checked the index, and yes it mentions the BASS surname.

    In my study of black slave owners, I just thought I would share with you the following passages from the book “Black Slaveowners” by Larry Koger [my notes in square brackets]:

    “Occasionally free mulattoes married the daughters and sons of white persons and were welcomed into white families. For example, the mulatto children of Elijah Bass and his white wife, Milbury Eliza Bass, of Kershaw District [South Carolina], were accepted into the white society with little ado. In spite of the African descent of their father, William, John and Martha R. BASS were educated as free white persons. Martha R. BASS eventually married a white man, Thomas White. The husband of the coloured woman was a well-educated and respected SCOTSMAN who taught in the community school in Kershaw. Like her husband, Martha White also was highly respected. She enjoyed all the rights and privileges of a free white woman and was treated as such by her white neighbours. Furthermore, her brother not only married a white woman but petitioned the courts to legally declare his children to be white persons.

    Elijah BASS and his wife were extremely fair-skinned and appeared to be white. Yet their light complexion was not the only factor which allowed them to assimilate into the white community. Their mulatto father, Elijah BASS, was referred to as a white quadroon and clearly could not pass for white. However, he was treated by his white neighbours as a white person. Since BASS was a property owner as well as a slaveowner, he shared much in common with his white associates and thus was perceived not as a threat but as an ally by his peers [which included white slave-owners as well as other black slave-owners]. For that reason, he was not subjected to [pay] the state capitation tax which was required of all free black adults between 16 and 55 years old. Futhermore, he broke many of the rules of southern etiquette which separated blacks from whites.[source: J.S.G. Richardson, “Reports of Cases At Law Argued and Determined in the Court of Appeals of South Carolina”, v3, 1847]. For instance, Elijah BASS associated with his white peers as equals and even ate at the same table with his friends.

    …….During the period from 1810-1847, John Garden was the largest coloured planter of St. Paul’s Parish [South Carolina], but he used the Indian descent of his mother to escape the limitations of being classified as a free black [however Indians were enslaved along with black people by white slave owners and black slave owners alike]. Yet both he and his mother Flora Garden, associated with free coloureds and married into the caste of coloured persons. In 1795, John Garden applied for membership into the coloured fraternal society called the Brown Fellowship Society. Also he married the daughter of George and Ruth Gardiner, who were free mulattoes of CHARLESTOWN [South Carolina]. In addition, the second marriage of his mother, Flora Garden, was to a black man named Robert Baldwin. In spite of the fact that John Garden was designated as free Indian, his father may have been of African descent. But the laws of the state permitted persons of free Indian descent on their mother’s side to declare themselves as Indians. Although John Garden was closely aligned to the free black community, he rejected his African ancestry and used the heritage of his mother to avoid the special tax imposed on free Negroes as well as the other disadvantages of being classified as black. ….He became one of the largest non-white planters in the state.

    When John Garden was 48 years old, he accumulated an estate that ranked him along the small planters of the state. In 1820 he owned 35 slaves and a plantation called ‘Hermitage’. And like the wealthy planters of Charleston and Colleton Counties, he maintained a home in Charleston Neck where he often stayed. [17 slaves were used in the rice fields, the original crop of the south]. By 1840 the 68-year-old planter owned 62 slaves, 40 of whom worked in the rice fields…..Within 20 years John Garden acquired 62 slaves and a plantation which contained 382 acres of land, placing him among the large planters in South Carolina.

    As the wealth of John Garden grew, his health began to falter. Fearful that his death was imminent, he recorded his last will and testament in February 1847. In his last will he stated:

    *I desire all my country property to be held by my Executors until all just debts are fully paid after which I desire the same to be sold to the best advantage and the proceeds equally divided between my following children; Ruth c. Garden, Ellen R. BASS [can we assume one of his daughters marred a BASS?], Frances M. Grant, Elias W. Garden, John Garden….*

    [It is unlikely that any of the Bass family mentioned is related to Samuel Bass but I thought it was worth the mention…..just in case….. I was hoping the book would mention a connection to Canada, but it did not]

    I don’t think you should place the quoted material on your blog, but maybe you might want to forward it to the Morris family I believe it was, that had a connection to Samual BASS.


    On Thu, Jan 4, 2018 at 8:39 AM, lindaseccaspina wrote:

    > lindaseccaspina posted: ” Just got this in the LCGS inbox.. anyone know > what it is? Crystal Rice said: “When I was a kid I found a metal horse > sculpture near a war times black smiths shop, was wondering if someone > could tell me more about it? “Looks forged, found in the area of ” >

    Liked by 1 person

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