Life & Death in Poland— Lanark County



Some have said the community was mistakenly named “Poland” and it should really have been named “Paul Land” after the first Postmaster, Moses Paul.


  • Pop. 10. In Dalhousie T., Lanark C. on Poland Cr. and C. Rd. 16, 27 km. NW of Perth. First settler, James Paul arrived in 1821. Poland PO is showing on the Historical Atlas for Lanark County along with a church. Ontario’s north and west were combined in 1926 when a new school was built in Poland – enrolment was 20 students. The school called the 5th line school closed in 1969. For years it was said that a teacher taught for half a day in Poland and then the other half in Lammermoor.
  • Some say the name was a “corruption” of Paul’s Land. Others say the name was given by an early settler who complained ‘the walk in winter from Perth was like walking to the North Pole.’ The Poland post office closed in 1967.


The Old Poland School – Poland, Ont., which was replaced by a new “brick” school in the village, now being used as a private residence.

Perth Courier, Jan. 13, 1871

A correspondent of the Carleton Place Herald says that on the night of Tuesday, 3rd Jan., the dwelling house together with most of its contents belonging to John Paul, Poland, Dalhousie was completely destroyed by fire.

The fire was supposed to have originated around the safe but the clue to the mystery will never be unraveled.  A few individuals on the spot did all in their power to extinguish the flames but the fire was too much for them; in about 40 or 50 minutes the house was one bright mass of lurid flames.

The women present acted nobly, rendering all the assistance in their power to extinguish the flames and save the furniture.  But the greatest praise is due to the mistress of the house herself.  Her noble character shone conspicuously during the whole of that trying scene which was depriving her and her helpless children of a comfortable house during one of the most inclement nights of the season.  She never lost her presence of mind for a minute; it was chiefly owing to her coolness, intrepidity, and perseverance that a large portion of the valuable furniture was saved.  She never gave way to her womanly feeling while an article of furniture could be saved and all human aid was in vain.  Such exemplary conduct should be held up to everyone in such a trying scene.

The house of Mr. Paul was comparatively new and was amply insured.  It was partly insured in the Victorian and Mutual Insurance Company but besides the building, part of the furniture and part of the clothing, they lost all their grain and provisions and a large amount of furnishings and other vegetables in the cellar so that his loss exclusive of his insurance cannot be short of $1,200 to $1,400


Perth Courier, August 7, 1891

The Gazette says:  “On Tuesday of last week Duncan McIntosh, Dalhousie, died at the advanced age of 90 years.  He was born in Sterling(?), Scotland and came to this country in 1842.  He spent the first few years of his residency in this country with John Lawson, Middleville and at Hanna’s Mills.  From there he removed to Dalhousie where he resided until his death.  He was postmaster at Poland for a number of years.  He was a man of quiet and retiring disposition and was highly esteemed by all who knew him for his kindly manners and stirling worth.”

Perth Courier, Sept. 22, 1876

Fatal Threshing Mill Accident—A young man named Charles Connell, while attending a threshing mill on the morning of the 18th September in Poland, 14 miles from Lanark, fell upon the cylinder of the mill, severely shattering one of his legs.  Medical aid was immediately sent and in four hours Drs. Munro and Campbell of Lanark were in attendance.  He died in six hours after in accident.  The unfortunate young man was the son of Mr. William Connell, near Spencerville, Ontario

Perth Courier, October 27, 1876

Campbell—Died, in Poland, Dalhousie, on Tuesday, 10th Oct., Mr. Thomas Campbell, a native of Belfast, Ireland.  (note, no age was given.)

Perth Courier, November 14,1879

Morterville-Campbell—Married, at Carleton Place, on Thursday, 30th Oct., by Rev. W. Jamieson, Mr. James Morterville of Carleton Place to Miss Eliza Jane Campbell, daughter of the late Mr. Thomas Campbell of Poland.



Come and visit the Lanark County Genealogical Society Facebook page– what’s there? Cool old photos–and lots of things interesting to read.

Information where you can buy all Linda Seccaspina’s books-You can also read Linda in Hometown News

About lindaseccaspina

Before she laid her fingers to a keyboard, Linda was a fashion designer, and then owned the eclectic store Flash Cadilac and Savannah Devilles in Ottawa on Rideau Street from 1976-1996. She also did clothing for various media and worked on “You Can’t do that on Television”. After writing for years about things that she cared about or pissed her off on American media she finally found her calling. She is a weekly columnist for the Sherbrooke Record and documents history every single day and has over 6500 blogs about Lanark County and Ottawa and an enormous weekly readership. Linda has published six books and is in her 4th year as a town councillor for Carleton Place. She believes in community and promoting business owners because she believes she can, so she does.

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