Hay’s Shore at the foot of the Second Lake, was James Duff’s farm from about the 1840’s. William (Bill) Duff ran a farm and a retail dairy on the shores of Mississippi Lake. Duff’s Dairy on the 11th line was later taken over and sold to John Hays in 1918. Big Bill did a big business in Carleton Place, and *Fred Hunter of Carleton Place was once quoted as saying it was real milk, as there was no such thing as pasteurization in those days.
William (Big Bill Duff), who started the Lakeshore Dairy’s retail business, died in 1914, followed in 1916 by his wife, who was a daughter of one of the original Morphy settlers of Morphy’s Falls. Excluding cottage areas sold, it had remained since 1918 with the Hay Family.
Library Shelf 1 1974.18.1 Duff Family: Some Descendants of William Duff of Bankfoot and Beckwith Brown, Howard Morton Brown, Howard Morton L.K. Young et al Handwritten history of William Duff and his descendants. Duff Family: Some Descendants of William Duff of Bankfoot and Beckwith Brown, Howard Morton
Name: John Anderson Hay
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1884
Father Name: William Hay
Mother Name: Mary Anderson
Spouse Name: Elizabeth Percival Lowe
Spouse’s Age: 28
Spouse Birth Year: abt 1884
Spouse Birth Place: Town of Carleton Place Ontario
Spouse Father Name: Samuel Lowe
Spouse Mother Name: Maggie Hoover
Marriage Date: 20 Mar 1912
Marriage County or District: Lanark
*FRED HUNTER– Fred Hunter was the son of Alexander Hunter, father of the late Fred Hunter, was a blacksmith and axe maker of great skill. He came here from Lanark village at the age of 36 to do the smith work in connection with the Boyd Caldwell and Sons sawmill when it was being built in 1869. For many years he carried on his trade on Mill street. He died here by drowning in December 1910.
1927 Typhoid Epidemic
In 1927, a typhoid epidemic from contaminated milk affected more than 5,000 people and caused 533 deaths in Montreal, despite a milk pasteurization city by-law. The law was not enforced and as with other typhoid outbreaks linked to contaminated milk, provincial health departments across the country were powerless to enforce standards.
Dr. John W.S. McCullough, Ontario’s Chief Health Officer and a charter member of the Canadian Public Health Association, told the Dominion Council on Health in 1928, “we have to go to the municipality and make a fight over [milk contamination], and it is often a long struggle before we can get a pasteurization bill carried. If we had the same control over milk by the Department of Health as we have over public water supplies, we would make a big step in advance.”
The Canadian Public Health Association and the Canadian Medical Association pressed for compulsory pasteurization of milk and in 1938, the Ontario government became the largest political area in the world to do so. Concerns about food safety grew as bacterial food poisoning incidents in Canada increased during the World War II years, prompting greater attention to food handling safety and restaurant inspections.